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Hemiptera

From Academic Kids

Hemiptera
Hemiptera
Two-lined spittlebug
Scientific classification
Domain:Eukaryota
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Arthropoda
Subphylum:Hexapoda
Class:Insecta
Subclass:Pterygota
Infraclass:Neoptera
Order:Hemiptera (true bugs)
Suborders

Heteroptera
Homoptera

Hemiptera is an order of insects, comprising some 67,500 known species in two suborders, Heteroptera and Homoptera. Originally the Homoptera were treated as a separate order. Members of the Hemiptera, and of the Heteroptera in particular, are sometimes called "true bugs". The name 'heteroptera' comes from their forewings having both membranous and hard portions. It is also this which gives the order its name, hemiptera, coming from the Greek for half-wing.

Species of order Hemiptera occur worldwide; they are distinguished from all other insects by both adults and nymphs having piercing and sucking mouthparts housed in a long "beak". These are used mostly to feed on plant juices, but some species are adapted to suck blood from animals or other insects.

Contents

Suborder Heteroptera

Main article: Heteroptera

25,000 known species in over 60 families:

Suborder Homoptera

42,500 known species

Series Auchenorryncha

Cicadas and hoppers; 33,000 species in over 30 families.

Series Sternorryncha

12,500 species.

Missing image
Aphids1533.JPG
Aphids on unidentified plant

External links

es:hemiptera eo:Hemipteroj fr:Hémiptère he:פשפשאים lt:Blakės nl:Heteroptera

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