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Extreme points of the world

From Academic Kids

This is a list of lists of extreme points of the world, the points that are farther north, south, east or west than any other locations on the landmasses, continents or countries.

Contents

The world

Latitude and longitude

Altitude

  • The highest point is the summit of Everest: 8,850 m (29,035 feet) above sea level.
  • The lowest point is Challenger Deep, at the bottom of the Mariana Trench: 10,911 m (35,797 feet) below sea level [1] (http://www.rain.org/ocean/ocean-studies-challenger-deep-mariana-trench.html).
  • The lowest point on land is the shore of the Dead Sea: 417 m below sea level. See List of places on land with elevations below sea level
  • The point farthest from the Earth's centre is the summit of Chimborazo (due to the Earth not being a perfect sphere), at 6384.4 km (Everest's summit is at 6382.3 km).
  • The point closest to the Earth's centre (~6353 km) is probably somewhere at the bottom of the Arctic Ocean (depth ~4 km) near the Geographic North pole (the bottom of the Mariana Trench is 6366.4 km from the centre of the Earth).

Remoteness

Centre

Since the Earth is a near-sphere, its center (the core) is of course thousands of miles beneath its crust. However, one could perhaps consider the intersection of the Equator and Prime Meridian, located at the coordinates of zero degrees by zero, to be the "centre" of the human world, especially when viewed on a map. This point is located in the Atlantic Ocean approximately 120 miles south of Accra, Ghana.

Some people, perhaps tongue-in-cheek, have claimed a certain city is the centre of the Earth or of the universe. One such claimant is the small town of Felicity, California, in the far southeast corner of the state, where a "Center of the World Pyramid" stands. Local resident and children's book author Jacques-Andres Istel convinced China, France, and Imperial County, California (in which Felicity is located), that Felicity is legally and officially the centre of the world. Surrealist artist Salvador Dali made a even more ambitious claim; that the train station of Perpignan, France, is the centre of the universe. A monument outside the station states, "Centre of the Universe: 0 km."

The Americas

Antarctica

Australasia

Africa-Eurasia

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