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Educational psychology

From Academic Kids

Educational psychology and school psychology study how children and adults learn, the effectiveness of various educational strategies and tactics, and how schools function as organizations. Although the titles are often used interchangedly, researchers and theorists are likely to be identified as educational psychologists, while practitioners in schools or school-related settings are identified as school psychologists. School psychologists work together with teachers and parents, to enhance children's learning and development by helping them to resolve behavioural, emotional and academic problems. School psychologists focus on the needs of children in school as well as other areas of children's lives that interact with their school experiences. While educational and school psychology deal with all types of learners, some school psychologists focus on assisting children with specific difficulties such as learning disability, Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, and mood disorder.

Contents

Theoretical Perspectives

Several perspectives have been established within which the theories used in educational psychology are formed and contested. These include Behaviorism, Cognitivism, Social Cognitivism, and Constructivism. Theorists who have had a major influence on educational psychology include:

Social, Moral and Cognitive Development

Individual Differences and Disabilities

Learning and Cognition

Motivation

Applications in Teaching and Learning

Careers in Educational Psychology

A person is generally considered an Educational Psychologist if he or she has completed a graduate degree in educational psychology or a closely related field. Universities usually establish educational psychology graduate programs in either psychology departments or faculties of education. Psychologists that work in a k-12 school setting are usually trained at either the masters or doctoral (PhD or EdD) level. In addition to conducting assessments, school psychologists provide services such as academic and behavioral intervention, counseling, teacher consultation, and crisis intervention.

See also

[school-based interventions (http://moodle.ed.uiuc.edu/wiked/index.php/School-based_interventions)]

References

da:Pdagogisk psykologi

ja:教育心理学 pt:Psicologia educacional zh:教育心理学

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