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Culture of the Netherlands

From Academic Kids

This article deals with the culture of the Netherlands.


Contents

Architecture

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GoudaWeighHouse.jpg
Waag (Weigh House) - Gouda - 1667
Built by Pieter Post (1608-1669)

The height of Dutch architecture was during the Dutch Golden Age. Due to the thriving economy cities expanded greatly. New town halls, weighhouses and storehouses were built. Merchants that had gained a fortune ordered a new house built along one of the many new canals that were dug out in and around many cities (for defense and transport purposes), a house with an ornamented façade that befitted their new status. In the countryside new country houses were built, though not in large numbers. For more information see:Dutch Golden Age See also

Art

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Mondrian_CompRYB.jpg
Piet Mondrian's Composition with Red, Yellow and Blue 1921. Oil on canvas. 39 x 35 cm.

The history of the art in the Neterlands begins in the Flander region. The Dutch art didn't begin to take form in the 15th and 16th centuries. The heights of the Flander art was in the 15th to 17th century. During the 17th century Flander art dominated European art largely because of Ruben. Still Life art was the most common. However in the 18th century Flander and Dutch art changed to the French Rococo style. Flander artists were eventually split between the Netherlands and Belgium because of political division. The distinct Dutch art begins at the turn of the 17th century when the country emerged as a political entity and developed an independent culture. During this time Dutch art flourished. However after the 18th century Dutch art lost a lot of influence which was only revived in the 19th century. During the 20th century Dutch art was influenced by fauvism, cubism, and expressionism. Abstract expressionism became a popular form of art in the Netherlands during the period of time. [1] (http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/ent/A0816445.html)

Graphic arts

Museums

Nature

Painting

Other Dutch Painters


See also

Theatre

Cabaret

Film

Actors

Films

Directors

Movie theaters

  • Pathé (a French company) is a large movie theatre chain

IMAX theatres:

Music of the Netherlands

Main article: Music of the Netherlands

The Netherlands has multiple musical traditions, mostly related to nearby German and Belgian forms. Immigrants from Africa and the Middle East have also had a profound effect. Much more so than most non-English speaking European countries, the Netherlands has remained closely in tune with American and British trends.

Music of Aruba and the Netherlands Antilles

Main article: Music of Aruba and the Netherlands Antilles

Aruba and the five main islands of the Netherlands Antilles are part of the Lesser Antilles island chain. Their music is a mixture of native, African and European elements, and is closely connected with trends from neighboring islands like Martinique, Trinidad and Guadeloupe, as well as the mainland former Dutch possession of Suriname, which has exported kaseko music to great success on the islands. Curaçao and Bonaire likely have the most active and well-known music scenes. Curaçao is known for a kind of music called tumba, which is named after the conga drums which accompany it.


Classical music

Orchestras

Popular music

Dance

Publishing

Newspapers

Magazines

Ca. 70 Dutch magazines have been sold to and are now published by the Finnish publisher Sanoma. Apart from many typical Dutch ones like Margriet, Libelle and Nieuwe Revu these include a Disney magazine named after Donald Duck and the Dutch edition of Playboy.

National library

Food

Main article: Dutch cuisine

In the Netherlands it is common to have two cold meals and one hot meal. For snacks, people of the Netherlands ussually eat fruit, candy bars, liquorice, or other snacks such as cakes, sausage rolls etc. Bread is generally eaten with breakfast and lucnh while sometimes crispbread, crackers, ontbijtkoek, rye bread, cereal flakes or muesli substitute for the bread. Dinner begins usually with soup and the main course is compromised of boiled potatoes, vegetables and meat or fish. Rice, other cereal, pulses or pasta sometimes takes the place of the potatoes. Desert is usually yoghurt, cold custrad or fruit. Holland is famous for its cheese products.

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Gouda.jpg
"Gouda cheese"

Some Dutch cheeses indlude:

Some tradional Dutuch food include:

Language

Most ethnic Dutch people speak the Dutch language. The Dutch language is a West Germanic, Low Franconian language. The language originated in the Middle Ages, was standardized in the 16th century and has many Frankish and some Saxon influences. As the Netherlands have colonized Suriname in the 17th century, the language is also spoken there. Most people in Flanders speak Dutch as well. Frisian is also spoken as an official language of the Netherlands in the area of Friesland. A considerable percentage of the population is of South Asian or Middle Eastern nationality and therfore speak a different language although none of them are officially recognized as a national language.

Religion

The Netherlands is one of the most secular countries in Europe. An estimated 40% of the population(1998) is non-religious. The remaining are 31% Roman Catholic, 21% Protestant, and 4.4% Muslim. Protestants used to be the largest religion in the Netherlands however over the past century the older Protestant churches have been in rapid decline. Recently Islam has begun to gain foothold.

See Also

es:Cultura de los Países Bajos

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