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Calvados

From Academic Kids

Calvados
Missing image
Blason14.PNG
Coat of Arms of Calvados


Details
Information
Number 14
Region Basse-Normandie
Prefecture Caen
Subprefectures Bayeux
Lisieux
Vire
Population
 - Total (1999)
 - Density
Ranked 31st
648,385
117 /km²
Area 5,548 km²
Arrondissements 4
Cantons 49
Communes 705
President of the
general council
Anne d'Ornano
Location
Missing image
Carte_France_Département_14.png
Location of du Calvados in France

For the apple brandy produced in the region, see Calvados (spirit).

The French département of Calvados forms part of the région of Basse-Normandie in Normandy. It takes its name from a cluster of rocks off the coast.


Contents

History

Calvados was one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on March 4, 1790. It was created from part of the former province of Normandie.

D-Day landings took place on the beaches of Baie de Seine on June 6, 1944.

Geography

Calvados is surrounded by the departments of Seine-Maritime, Eure, Orne, and Manche. On the north is the Baie de Seine, part of the English Channel, and on the east the Seine River forms the boundary with Seine-Maritime.

It includes the Bessin area, the Pays d'Auge, and the area known as the Suisse normande from the cragginess of its landscape.

Other towns include: Deauville and the formerly elegant 19th-century casino resorts of the coast.

Economy

Agriculture dominates the economy of Calvados. Products include butter, cheese, cider, and the apple-based spirit which shares its name (see Calvados (spirit)).

Demographics

The inhabitants of the department are called Calvadosiens.

Culture

The Bayeux Tapestry stems from Bayeux and makes the city one of the most-visited tourist destinations in Normandy.

Juno Beach Centre at Courseulles-sur-Mer, Calvados, commemorates the D-Day landing of the Canadian liberation forces at Juno Beach during World War II in 1944.

The cult of Thérèse de Lisieux brings large numbers of people on pilgrimage to Lisieux.

Miscellaneous topics

List of the communes of the Calvados département

External links

Template:Départementaf:Calvados (département) de:Calvados (Département) eo:Calvados fr:Calvados it:Calvados nl:Calvados (departement) sv:Calvados

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