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Caen

From Academic Kids

Caen
Rgion Basse-Normandie
Dpartement Calvados
Arrondissement 24 cantons
287 communes
389,973 habitants
Cantons chief town of 9 cantons
(13 common,
162,707 habitants)
Habitants Caennais
Population (1999) 117,157 habitants
Intercommunality (2004) Agglomeration
217,805 habitants
Area 2,6 km²

Template:FRdot Caen is a city and a commune of northwestern France. It is the prfecture (administrative capital) of the Calvados dpartement, and the capital of the administrative Basse-Normandie (Lower Normandy) rgion. Population 115,000.

Caen is known in particular for its historical buildings built under William the Conqueror.

Contents

History

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Escoville_Angle.jpg
Htel d'Escoville, 16th century, Caen

During the end-game of World War II in the wake of the Normandy landings, Caen was the scene of intense combat between Allied and Axis forces with British and Canadian taking the city on July 9, 1944. In the preceding month long battle, many of the town's inhabitants had sought refuge in the Abbaye aux Hommes, which had been built on the orders of hometown boy-made-good William the Conqueror some 800 years before. The rebuilding of Caen took 14 years (1948-1962) and marked its current urbanization.

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Abbaye-aux-hommes.jpg
Abbaye aux hommes in 2004

Geography

The Orne flows through Caen.

Monuments

Castle

The castle (Chteau de Caen), built ca. 1060 by William the Conqueror, who successfully conquered England in 1066, is one of the largest medieval fortresses of Western Europe. It remained an essential feature of Norman strategy and policy. At Christmas 1182 a royal court celebration for Christmas in the aula of Caen Castle brought together, Henry II and his sons, Richard Cœur de Lion and Jean sans Terre, receiving more than a thousand knights. Caen Castle and all Normandy was delivered to the French Crown in 1204. The castle saw several engagements during the Hundred Years War (1346, 1417, 1450) and was in use as a barracks as late as World War II. Today it serves as a museum enclosure. (See Timeline of Caen Castle (http://www.ville-caen.fr/mdn/RedecouvChateau/chronoGB.htm))

Missing image
PlanCaenFortification.jpg
Anonymous pen-and-ink bird's-eye view of the fortifications of Caen (Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris)

Abbeys

In repentance for marrying his cousin Mathilde de Flandres, William also ordered for two abbeys to be built:

Others

  • Saint-Pierre church.
  • Memorial pour la Paix, a Museum for Peace established in 1988, charting the events leading up to and after D-Day. It is an emotional presentation inviting meditation on the thought of Elie Wiesel: "Peace is not a gift from God to man, but a gift from man to himself".

Administration

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Caen_Htel_de_Ville.JPG
Town Hall of Caen

Mayors of Caen include:

In 1952, the small commune of Venoix became part of Caen.

In 1990, the agglomeration of Caen was organized in an arrondissement, transformed in 2002 into a community of agglomeration (Grand Caen, re-elected Caen la Mer in 2004) which gathers 29 communes including Villons-les-Buissons which recently (in 2004) joined the agglomeration.

Miscellaneous

Universities include

Births

Twinnings

External links

cs:Caen de:Caen eo:Caen es:Caen fr:Caen ja:カーン nl:Caen pl:Caen sv:Caen

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