Bulb

From Academic Kids

This article is about the plant part. For the lighting device, see light bulb.

A bulb is an underground vertical shoot that has modified leaves (or thickened leaf bases) that are used as food storage organs by a dormant plant. Other types of storage organs (such as corms, rhizomes, and tubers) are sometimes erroneously referred to as bulbs. The correct term for plants that form underground storage organs, including bulbs as well as tubers and corms, is geophyte.

A bulb's leaf bases generally do not support leaves, but contain food reserves to enable the plant to survive adverse conditions. The leaf bases may overlap and surround the center of the bulb as with lilies, or may completely surround the inner regions of the bulb, as with the onion. A modified stem forms the base of the bulb, and plant growth occurs from this base. Roots emerge from the underside of the base, and new stems and leaves from the upper side.

Plants that form true bulbs are all monocotyledons, and include:

Some epiphytic orchids (family Orchidaceae) form bulb-like, above-ground storage organs called pseudobulbs.

See also

he:בצל es:Bulbo eo:bulbo nl:Bolgewas ja:球根

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