Iridaceae

From Academic Kids

Iris family
Missing image
Iris1.jpg
an iris


an iris
Scientific classification
Kingdom:Plantae
Division:Magnoliophyta
Class:Liliopsida
Order:Asparagales
Family:Iridaceae
Genera

Many, see text

Iridaceae is a family of plants in Order Asparagales, taking its name from the Irises. It includes a number of other well known cultivated plants, such as the Freesia and the Crocus.

Members of this family are perennials, with a bulb, corm or rhizome. The plants grow erect, and have leaves that are generally grass-like, with a sharp central fold.

Up to 80 genera have been recognised in the family, with a total of around 1500 species, world wide. The Afrotropic ecozone, and in particular South Africa, have the greatest diversity of genera. The spice saffron comes from the stigma of the saffron crocus, Crocus sativus.


Taxonomy

  • Subfamily Crocoideae
  • Subfamily Iridoideae
    • tribe Irideae
    • tribe Mariceae
    • tribe Sisyrinchieae
    • tribe Tigridieae
  • Subfamily Isophysidoideae
  • Subfamily Ixioideae
    • tribe Ixieae
    • tribe Pillansieae
    • tribe Watsonieae
  • Subfamily Nivenioideae


Genera


Reference

  • Peter Goldblatt, Ph.D - Phylogeny and classification of Iridaceae. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 77: 607–627. 1990.da:Iris-familien (Iridaceae)

de:Schwertliliengewächse es:Iridaceae eo:Iridacoj fr:Iridaceae lt:Vilkdalginiai nl:Lissenfamilie no:Sverdliljefamilien

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