From Academic Kids
1839 1840 1841 - 1842 - 1843 1844 1845
| Decades: |
1810s 1820s 1830s - 1840s - 1850s 1860s 1870s
| Centuries: |
18th century - 19th century - 20th century
1842 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar).
- February 21 - John J. Greenough patents the sewing machine.
- March 5 - 00 Mexican troops led by Rafael Vasquez invade Texas briefly occupy San Antonio and then head back to the Rio Grande. This is the first such invasion since the Texas Revolution.
- March 30 - Anesthesia is used for the first time in an operation (Dr. Crawford Long performed the operation and ether was used).
- March 31 - Middleton Junction and Oldham Branch Railway line opened up to Werneth in North West England.
- August 9 - Webster-Ashburton Treaty is signed, establishing the United States-Canada border east of the Rocky Mountains.
- Massacre of Elphinstone's British army on the road from Kabul to Jallalabad, Afghanistan, by Mohammed Akbar, son of Dost Mohammed Khan
- August 29 - Treaty of Nanking signing ends the First Opium War
- British Empire annexes Hong Kong
- Pentonville Prison built.
- New Zealand seat of government moves from Russell to Auckland
- Ohio's Wesleyan University is established.
- February 3 - Sidney Lanier, American writer (d. 1881)
- February 4 - Arrigo Boito, Italian poet and composer (d. 1918)
- February 25 - Karl May, German writer (d. 1912)
- March 10 - Mykola Lysenko, Ukrainian composer (d. 1912)
- March 18 - Stéphane Mallarmé, French poet (d. 1898)
- May 8 - Emil Christian Hansen, Danish fermentation physiologist (d. 1909)
- May 13 - Arthur Sullivan, English composer (d. 1900)
- May 17 - August Thyssen, Swiss industrialist (d. 1926)
- June 12 - Rikard Nordraak, Norwegian composer (d. 1866)
- August 23 - Osborne Reynolds, Irish engineer and physicist (d. 1912)
- September 13 - John H. Bankhead, U.S. Senator (d. 1920)
- September 21 - Abd-ul-Hamid II, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1918)
- October 14 - Joe Start, baseball player (d. 1927)
- December 9 - Peter Kropotkin, Russian anarchist (d. 1921)
- Anna Elizabeth Dickenson, American orator (d. 1932)
- March 13 - Henry Shrapnel, English soldier and inventor (b. 1761)
- March 15 - Luigi Cherubini, Italian composer (b. 1760)
- March 23 - Stendhal, French writer (b. 1783)
- March 30 - Elisabeth Vigee-Lebrun, French painter (b. 1755)
- April 4 - Jean Moufot, French philosopher and mathematician (b. 1784)
- May 8 - Jules Dumont d'Urville, French explorer (b. 1790)
- July 28 - Clemens Brentano, German poet (b. 1778)
- September 15 - Francisco Morazán, President of Central America (b. 1792)af:1842
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