Vila Nova de Gaia

From Academic Kids

Region: Região Norte
Mid-Region: Grande Porto
District: Porto
Address of the city
Câmara Municipal de
Rua Álvares Cabral
Vila Nova de Gaia 4400-017
Population: 288,749
Area: 170.82 km²
Density 1,690.37/km²
Number of Parishes: 24

Vila Nova de Gaia is a city and municipality of Portugal. It is located in the Porto district, south of the city of Porto on the other side of the river Douro. The municipality has a population of 288,058 (2001 census) and 24 parishes. Gaia is together with Porto in the commonly designated Porto Metropolitan Area.

It is also well known for its warehouses of Port wine, one of the most, if not the, most famous wine in the world.

Coat of Arms and Flag

The coat of arms are made up of a grey crest with two golden-yellow grapes on the bottom with a castle colored black in the middle with a person blowing the horn. The castle lies over the water. The castle is colored grey.

The flag is colored dark yellow to black in four each.

History of the Vila Nova de Gaia municipality

Vila Nova de Gaia already existed under the Roman Empire as the city of Cale. It developed most likely from a preexistent celtic Castro, or neolitic settlement. The origin of the name Cale (or Gale, since in classical latin there was no clear distinction between the letters and sounds "g" or "c") is likely celtic, form the expression "Gael" with which celts refered to themselves, similarly to Galicia, Gaul or Galway. The river itself has a presumably celtic name, Douro (Durus in latin) maybe after celtic "dwr", water. In roman times the bulk of the population probably lived south of the river Douro, and on the north side was a smaller settlement around the deep water port which now is the Ribeira neighbourhood of Porto. The name of Porto, in high medieval times Portus Cale, thus stood for the harbour ("portus" in latin) of the city of Cale. With the important trade of the river Douro, which is easily navigable up to the Régua deep inland, and as a good harbour for oceanic ships linking the northern trade routes of the baltic and north sea with the mediterranean regions, the Porto part of the city came to overgrow Cale, and became the most important part of town, where the Bisphoric and the merchants were established. With the moorish invasions in the eight century A.D., the de facto frontier between the islamic state and the christian one came to rest for a considerable period of time on the river Douro, around the year 1000. With the constant raids and counter-raids the town of Cale, or Gaia, was deserted and most of its inhabitants took refuge in Porto. After the conquest and pacification of the southern side of the Douro river after 1035, with the exodus or expulsion of the muslim populations, leaving behind semi-abandoned fertile lands, colonists from the north settled in exchange for better feudal contracts with the newly appointed lords. These migrants refounded the old city of Cale or Gaia under the name of Vila Nova de Gaia (new town of Gaia) around the old castle and ruins of "old Gaia". The name of the double city of Oporto and Gaia was frequently refered in contemporary documents as "villa de Portucale", and the county of the Kingdom of Leon which was centered around it was named Portucalense. This county was eventualy expanded and after gaining its independence became the Kingdom of Portugal.

In June 30, 1989, Pedroso became a village In July 12, 2004, Crestuma, Lever, Olival, Perosinho, Sandim, São Félix da Marinha and Serzedo became cities.


Here are 24 parishes of Vila Nova de Gaia:

Parish Population Area Density
Arcozelo 12,393 7.82 km² 1,548.8.km²
Avintes 11,523 9.38 km² 1,228.5/km²
Canelas 12,303 7.47 km² 1,647/km²
Canidelo 23,737 8.05 km² 2,948.7/km²
Crestuma 2,962 4.93/km² 600.8/km²
Grijó 10,267 11.46 km² 895.9/km²
Gulpilhares 9,707 6.14 km² 1,580.9/km²
Lever 3,033 6.88 km² 440.8/kmª
Madalena 9,356 6.02 km² 1,554.2/km²
Mafamude (Vila Nova de Gaia) 38,940 5.39 km² 7,224.5/km²
Olival 5,616 7.96 km² 705.5/kmª
Oliveira do Douro 23,384 6.72 km² 3,479.8/kmª
Pedroso 18,449 19.65 kmª 938.9/kmª
Perosinho 5,950 4.71 kmª 1,263.3/kmª
Sandim 6,326 15.97 kmª 396.1/kmª
São Félix da Marinha 11,171 9 km ª 1,241.2/kmª
São Pedro da Afurada (Vila Nova de Gaia) 3,442 1 kmª 3,442/kmª
Seixezelo 1,729 1.61 kmª 1,073.9/kmª
Sermonde 1,225 1.41 kmª 868.8/kmª
Serzedo 7,547 7,62 km ª 990.4/kmª
Valadares 9,095 4.94 kmª/494 ha 1,841/kmª
Vila Nova de Gaia 30,758 6 kmª/600 ha 5,126.3/kmª
Vilar de Andorinho 16,710 6,52 kmª/652 ha 2,562.9/kmª
Vilar do Paraíso 13,126 4.17 kmª/417 ha 3,147.7/kmª

The largest parish is Mafamude and the smallest is Sermonde. The largest parish is Pedroso and the smallest is São Pedro da Afurada. The most densest is Mafamude and the least densest is Sandim.

View from the Douro river of Vila Nova de Gaia.
View from the Douro river of Vila Nova de Gaia.
Missing image
Vila Nova de Gaia city.

The economy are common in winery in the south bank of the Douro.

North: Porto Northeast: Gondomar
West: Atlantic Ocean
' East: [[]]
South: Santa Maria da Feira and Espinho
de:Vila Nova de Gaia

is:Vila Nova de Gaia pt:Vila Nova de Gaia ro:Vila Nova de Gaia


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