Strategy game

Strategy games are typically board games, video or computer games with the players' decision-making skills having a high significance in determining the outcome. Many games include this element to a greater or lesser degree, making demarcation difficult. It is therefore more accurate to describe a particular game as having a degree of strategic elements.

Strategy (and tactics) are usually contrasted with luck, games exist on a continuum from pure skill to pure chance.


Abstract strategy

In abstract strategy games, the game is only loosely tied to a real-world theme, if at all. The mechanics do not attempt to simulate reality, but rather serve the internal logic of the game. Chess, checkers, and go are excellent examples.


This type of game is an attempt to capture the decisions inherent to some real-world situation. Most of the mechanics are chosen to reflect what the real-world consequences would be of each player action and decision. Abstract games cannot be cleanly divided from simulations and so games can be thought of as existing on a continuum of almost pure abstraction (like Abalone) to almost pure simulation (like Strat-o-Matic Baseball).

Real-time strategy

Usually applied only to certain computer strategy games, the moniker "real-time strategy" indicates that the action in the game is continuous, and players will have to make their decisions and actions within the backdrop of a constantly changing game state. Very few non-computer strategy games are real-time; one example is Icehouse.

The game considered the father of RTS games is Dune 2, by Westwood Studios, and was followed by their seminal Command & Conquer. Cavedog's Total Annihilation (1997), Blizzard's Warcraft (1994) series and StarCraft (1997), and Ensemble Studios' Age of Empires (1998) series are some of the most popular RTS games.


The term "turn-based strategy game" (TBS) is usually reserved for certain computer strategy games, to distinguish them from real-time computer strategy games. A player of a turn-based game is allowed a period of analysis before committing to a game action. The most notable games of this genre are the Civilization, Heroes of Might and Magic, Jagged Alliance, Total War, Master of Orion and X-COM series. Almost all non-computer strategy games are turn-based, with the notable exception of Diplomacy

War game

War games are an attempt to simulate a hypothetical battle. Players will have to consider situations that are analogous to the situations faced by leaders of historical battles. As such, war games are usually heavy on simulation elements. Some games of this type will use physical models of detailed terrain and miniature representations of people and equipment to depict the game state.

A popular wargame with physical models is Warhammer 40,000. Diplomacy and Global Diplomacy are also strategic wargames.

See also

cs:Strategick hra (počtačov)

de:Strategiespiel fr:Jeu de stratgie it:Gioco di strategia nl:Strategiespel ja:ウォー・シミュレーションゲーム pl:Komputerowa gra strategiczna zh:战略游戏


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