Sheikh Hasina

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Sheikh Hasina Wajed

Sheikh Hasina Wajed (born September 28, 1947) is the President of the Bangladesh Awami League and daughter of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman.

The daughter of one of Bangladesh's founding fathers, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, she was active in student politics in the 1960s and was the go between her father and students and political leaders during her father’s imprisonment in the 1960s.

Contents

1 Brief History
2 Political Particulars
3 Currently

4 External link

Political Plunge

Her political and personal destiny was irrevocably altered on the fateful night of August 15, 1975, when her father and her entire family including her mother and three brothers were assassinated in a coup d'etat by a section of the Bangladesh army, some of whom were known freedom fighters during 1971.

Sheikh Hasina escaped her family’s fate as she and her sister were in Germany (West Germany) at that time. She was forced to remain in exile for the next six years and returned to her country in 1981 as president of her father’s Awami League. She received a tumultuous welcome from millions of people on her arrival, as she vowed to fight for the restoration of democracy in her country.

She spent the next several years in and out of prison, and was the leader of the opposition in the Bangladesh in 1986-97 and 1991-93.

Crowning achievement

Her crowning moment came in 1996 when she successfully led her Awami League to victory in the parliamentary elections of 1996. She became the first democratically elected prime minister of Bangladesh to serve a full five-year term.

Pandering to development agenda

During her tenure, her government undertook several poverty alleviation and rural development schemes. Her contribution to promoting peace and harmony in her country was internationally acknowledged.

Sheikh Hasina received the UNESCO Houphout-Boigny Peace Prize for 1998 for her role in bringing peace by resolving the longstanding ethnic problem in the Chittagong Hill tracts region of Bangladesh and was nominated for Nobel Peace Prize. She was also awarded the Mahatma Gandhi Award for 1998 (Oslo, Norway) for her contribution towards promotion of communal understanding, religious harmony, non-violence and growth of democracy in Bangladesh.

In 2001, Sheikh Hasina handed power to a caretaker government. In the elections that followed, her main political opponent Khaleda Zia’s BNP came into power and Sheikh Hasina became the leader of the opposition.

Brief History

  • Place & Date of Birth: Tungipara, Gopalganj, 28 September 1947
  • Marital Status: Married; has one son & one daughter
  • Education: BA Dhaka University 1973.
  • Special Interest: Literature, Reading and social work
  • Publications: The Origin of Autocracy, The Elimination of Poverty: Some Thoughts, People and democracy, Development for the Masses. Democracy under threat & violation of Humanity.

Political Particulars

  • Joined politics during school days.
  • Elected Chief of the Student Union, Government Intermediate College for Women in 1966. Participated in the mass movement of 1969. Imprisoned by the Pakistan occupation army along with her mother and other members of her family during the War of Liberation in 1971
  • August 15, 1975: army officers assassinated the Father of the Nation and the elected Head of State, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman along with his wife, three sons and all the residents of his house. Sheikh Hasina and her only sister Sheikh Rehana survived the carnage as they were then visiting West Germany.
  • Forced to live in exile till 1981 because of the restriction put on her by Gen. Ziaur Rahman.
  • President Bangladesh Awami League (1981-till date)
  • Leader of the Opposition, Bangladesh parliament (1986- 87) (1991-93) (2001- till date)
  • Took oath as Prime Minister of Bangladesh on June 23, 1996. After successfully completing five years in the office, handed over power to caretaker government on July 15, 2001
  • Sheikh Hasina Wajed is married to Dr. Wajed, a famous nuclear physicist.


Currently

She is the leader of the opposition. But under her leadership, the Awami League boycotted Parliament until June 2004, when it resumed participation on a limited basis.

On August 21, 2004 Ms Wajed faced a major grenade attack while she was addressing a crowd in Dhaka. 19 people were reported killed and hundreds injured in the attack. [1] (http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/south_asia/3586384.stm) [2] (http://www.cnn.com/2004/WORLD/asiapcf/08/21/bangladesh.blasts/index.html)

Criticism against Sheikh Hasina

Sheikh Hasina is known as an enigmatic leader who can move large masses of her party supporters. To opponents, she is often known as a virulent, tactless and too much expressive political leader.

External link

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