Severnaya Zemlya

Severnaya Zemlya (Северная Земля, Russian, Northern Land) is an archipelago located in the Arctic Ocean. It is located near the Taymyr Peninsula, north of 80N latitude, between the Kara and Laptev Seas. The four major islands, October Revolution, Bolshevik, Komsomolets, and Pioneer, and a number of smaller islands, cover a total area of about 37,000 sq. km. Politically, they are part of Russia's Krasnoyarsk Territory.

The last archipelago on Earth to be discovered, Severnaya was first noted in 1913 and originally named Nicholas II Land. Initially believed to be a single island, the 1931 polar flight of the Graf Zeppelin determined them to be at least two islands; later study showed Severnaya Zemlya to be further divided.

A fictional Russian satellite control base in the James Bond movie GoldenEye was called "Severnaya", although maps and satellite images in the movie place the site in a heavily forested region somewhere in central Russia.

Islands by size

Missing image
SevernayaZemlya.JPG
Satellite image of Severnaya Zemlya, courtesy NASA.


de:Sewernaja Semlja et:Severnaja Zemlja ja:セヴェルナヤ・ゼムリャ諸島 nl:Noordland sv:Severnaja Zemlja

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