List of publications in philosophy

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Western philosophy

Dialogues of Plato

Author: Plato
Publication data: 427 BC – c. 347 BC; The Collected Dialogues of Plato (Bollingen Series LXXI), edited by Edith Hamilton and Huntington Cairns, 1961.
Online version: (
Description: These classic dialogues are sometime considered to be the beginning of philosophy. The dialog had impact in various other ares. Plato's Republic deals with political philosophy (presented, stylistically, via the concept of a Utopia), ethics, and his theory of universals (the 'forms')--among other things.
Importance: Topic creator, Breakthrough, Influence, Introduction

Discourse on Method

Author: René Descartes
Description: A defining book in the rationalist tradition. Defines the "proper" method for uncovering truth.
Importance: Topic creator, Influence

Meditations on First Philosophy

Author: René Descartes
Description: A book primarily aimed at refuting radical skepticism.
Importance: Topic creator, Influence

An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding

Author: David Hume
Description: A book on epistemology which defines the empiricist tradition and is sometimes considered an early version of naturalism.
Importance: Topic creator, Influence

Critique of Pure Reason

Author: Immanuel Kant
Description: The Critique of Pure Reason is an attempt to answer two questions: "What do we know?" and "How do we know it?"
Importance: Topic creator, Influence

Continental philosophy

Analytical philosophy

Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus (a.k.a. The Tractatus)

Author: Ludwig Wittgenstein
Description: An important work in logical positivism.
Importance: Influence

From a Logical Point of View

Author: W.V.O. Quine
Publication data: From A Logical Point of View, Second Edition. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1980.
Description: Contains many of Quine's very influential essays, including his widely read "Two Dogmas of Empiricism"
Importance: Topic creator, Influence

The Rise of Scientific Philosophy

Author: Hans Reichenbach
Publication data: The Rise of Scientific Philosophy. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1964.
Description: An introduction of scientifically informed philosophy, describes results and differences with prior philosophical methods
Importance: Introduction

Chinese philosophy

Four Books

Author: Mencius, Zisi, Confucius, Zeng Zi
Publication data: 371 BC – c. 289 BC ??
Online version: English translations by Charles Muller: Great Learning (; Analects (; Doctrine of the Mean (; Mencius (
Description: The Four Books, or the Four Classics, are the Chinese classic texts selected by Zhu Xi in the Song dynasty to serve as an introduction to Chinese philosophy and Confucianism. They are:
Importance: Topic creator, Breakthrough, Influence, Introduction

Tao Te Ching

Author: Lao Zi
Publication data: approximately 600 BC ??
Online version: English translation by Charles Muller: [1] (
Description: The Tao Te Ching, a short and obscure book, is one of the most influential on Chinese philosophy and religion, especially through Taoism, but also through Buddhism, because this Indian religion shared many Taoist words and concepts before developing into Chinese Buddhism.
Importance: Topic creator, Breakthrough, Influence, Introduction

Buddhist philosophy


Hindu philosophy

Indian philosophy

Jewish philosophy

Logic and Philosophy of logic

See also List of publications in mathematics

Principia Mathematica

Authors: Bertrand Russell and Alfred North Whitehead
Publication data: 1910-1913
Description: It is an attempt to derive all mathematical truths from a well-defined set of axioms and inference rules in symbolic logic. The questions remained whether a contradiction could be derived from the Principia's axioms, and whether there exists a mathematical statement which could neither be proven nor disproven in the system. These questions were settled, in a rather disappointing way, by Gödel's incompleteness theorem in 1931.
Importance: Influence

Gödel's incompleteness theorem

Author: Kurt Gödel
Publication data: "Über formal unentscheidbare Sätze der Principia Mathematica und verwandter Systeme". Monatshefte für Mathematik und Physik, vol. 38 (1931).
Online version: Online version (
Description: In mathematical logic, Gödel's incompleteness theorems are two celebrated theorems proved by Kurt Gödel in 1930.
Importance: Breakthrough, Influence

Political philosophy


Author: Plato
Decription: A dialog of Plato describing the perfect state ruled by philosopher kings.
Importance: Topic creator


Author: Thomas Hobbes
Publication data: 1651
Description: Defends the absolute monarch by appealing to individual self interest.
Importance: Influence

On Liberty

Author: John Stuart Mill
Publication data: 1859
Description: Provides a utilitarian justification for some individual rights.
Importance: Influence

A Theory of Justice

Author: John Rawls
Publication data: A Theory of Justice, Revised Edition. Cambridge: The Belknap Press, 1971, 1999.
Description: Uses a thought experiment known as the original position to define justice as fairness. Discusses justice as it pertains to political institutions.
Importance: Influence

Philosophy of science

The Structure of Scientific Revolutions

Author: Thomas Samuel Kuhn.
Publication data: The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1962.
Online version: Summary of book by the author (
Description: Sets forward the theory that science undergoes paradigm shifts rather than a linear accumulation of truth. Often cited as justification for late 20th-century skepticism towards scientific progress.
Importance: Breakthrough, Impact, Influence

The Scientific Image

Author: Bas C. van Fraassen
Publication data:' The Scientific Image. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1980.
Description: Introduces a brand of scientifc anti-realism or instrumentalism called constructive empiricism.
Importance: Impact

Against Method

Author: Paul Feyerabend.
Publication data: Against Method: Outline of an Anarchistic Theory of Knowledge. London: Humanities Press, 1975.
Description: Controversially argues that the scientific method was more of a hinderance for gaining knowledge than a boon. Seen as most radical of the attacks on logical positivism.
Importance: Breakthrough, Impact

Logic of Scientific Discovery

Author: Karl Popper.
Publication data: The Logic of Scientific Discovery. New York: Basic Books, 1959.
Description: Sets forward logical positivist assessment of science, establishes criterion of falsification.
Importance: Breakthrough, Impact, Influence

Philosophy of biology

The Nature of Selection

Author: Elliot Sober
Description: Discusses may different controversies in the philosophy of biology. Also describes natural selection as a theory of forces.
Importance: Influence

What is Life?

Author: Erwin Schrödinger
Publication data: What is life? The physical aspect of the living cell. New York: The Macmillan Company, 1945.
Online version: Available as Word DOC (
Description: Physicist Schrödinger encouraged biologists to think about life from a physical and chemical point of view, opening up the idea of molecular biology.
Importance: Influence

Philosophy of mathematics

Philosophy of physics

Philosophy of social science

Philosophy of education

Philosophy of law

The Concept of Law

Author: H.L.A. Hart
Publication data: The Concept of Law, Second Edition. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994.
Description: A book which clearly articulates a legal postivist view of law.
Importance: Influence

Law's Empire

Authory: Ronald Dworkin
Publication data: Law's Empire. Cambridge: The Belknap Press, 1986.
Description: Suggests a new theory of jurisprudence which has had substantial effect on the practice of law in the U.S..
Importance: Influence

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