Krugerrand

From Academic Kids

Missing image
Krugerrand.jpeg
The face of Paul Kruger, shown on the obverse side of the coin.

A Krugerrand is a South African gold coin, first minted in 1967 in order to help market South African gold. The coins have legal tender status in South Africa but are not actually intended to be used as currency.

It was the first bullion coin to be tenderable at the market value of its face gold content; by contrast, earlier coins such as the sterling Britannia had a tender value in currency engraved on their face, which could be completely divorced from their market value. The Krugerrand was the first gold coin to contain precisely one ounce of fine gold, and was intended from the moment of creation to provide a vehicle for the private ownership of gold. By bestowing legal tender status upon the coin, Krugerrands could be owned by citizens of the United States, which at that time prohibited private ownership of bullion but allowed ownership of foreign coins.

Originally, it was sold at a very low premium of 5% over the base gold value, and only one size of coin was made, containing one troy ounce (31.1035 g) of gold. Since the Krugerrand was minted from gold alloy being 91.67% pure, the actual weight of a "one ounce" coin is 1.0909 ounces, to provide for one ounce of elemental gold. In 1980, three other sizes were introduced, offering a half, quarter, and tenth ounce weights. In total, 54.5 million coins have been sold.

The Krugerrand gets its name from the fact that the obverse, or "heads" side of the coin, shows the face of Paul Kruger, president of the old South African Republic. The reverse, or "tails" side, depicts a springbok, one of the national symbols of South Africa. The name "South Africa" and the gold content are printed in both Afrikaans and English.

The success of the Krugerrand led to many other gold producing nations minting their own bullion coins, including the Canadian Maple Leaf in 1979 and the Australian Nugget in 1981. These newer issues have since surpassed the Krugerrand in popularity, mostly due to their 99.9% (24 carat) purity.


SizeFace Value (Rand)Weight (g)Fineness 1.000Gold Content (g)Gold Content (Troy)
Full1033.9305.91731.1041.0000
Half516.9653.91715.5520.5000
Quarter2.58.4826.9177.7760.2500
Tenth13.3931.9173.1100.1000

External links

ja:クルーガーランド金貨 pl:Krugerrand

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