Joan II of Navarre

From Academic Kids

Joan II of Navarre (13111349), was Queen of Navarre 1328–1349. She was the only daughter of King Louis X of France (I of Navarre) and his first wife, Margaret of Burgundy.

On the death of her father (in 1316) and half-brother, John I (also 1316), who were kings of both France and Navarre, she was excluded from their succession, mostly because of doubts about her paternity. Her uncles, King Philip V of France (II of Navarre) and King Charles IV of France (I of Navarre), took precedence over the young girl on the Navarrese throne, even though it was inheritable by females. With regards to the French crown, several legal reasons were invoked by Philip V and later by Philip VI of France to bar her from the succession, such as proximity in kinship to Louis IX of France. Later, the Salic Law was construed as the reason.

After Charles IV of France died in 1328, she became Queen of Navarre through a treaty with the new king, Philip VI of France, who was not an immediate descendant of the Kings of Navarre. In the treaty, she had to renounce her rights to the crown of France, and her grandmother's estates in Brie and Champagne (which were put into the French royal domain). In compensation, she received the counties of Angouleme and Mortain as well as a portion of Cotentin (Longueville). Later on she exchanged Angouleme for three estates in Vexin:- Pontoise, Beaumont-sur-Oise, and Asnière-sur-Oise. She thus lost France. But her descendants returned to the throne of France when Henry II of France inherited the crown two centuries later, in 1549.

She reigned as queen until her death in 1349, together with her husband, Philip III of Navarre as king consort, 13291343. Philip was also Count of Évreux, the heir of Count Louis of Évreux (youngest son of Philip III of France), and thus of Capetian male blood. Because of his patrimonial lands, together with Joan's gains in Normandy and her rights in Champagne, the couple had extensive possessions in Northern France.

Altogether, Joan and Philip had 8 children; they are listed in the entry for Philip III of Navarre. She was succeeded by their son Charles the Bad of Navarre. Their daughter Blanche d'Evreux became the second wife of Philip VI of France.

Preceded by:
Charles I
Queen of Navarre
Succeeded by:
Charles II

Template:End boxTemplate:Livedfr:Jeanne II de Navarre nl:Johanna II van Navarra pl:Joanna II z Nawarry


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