Hypothetical planet

From Academic Kids

nl:Speculatieve planeet sl:domnevni planet

Hypothetical planets are planets that have been suggested as possibly existing (or have been believed to exist), but have never been proven to actually exist. This includes ones that have later been proven not to exist.

Examples of such hypothetical planets in astronomy or in ancient mythologies include:


1 Other Resources

Sol System

Planets which would have a direct influence on Earth

Planets with independent influence

  • Planet X (a tenth planet beyond Pluto)
  • Vulcan, inside the orbit of Mercury (like Planet X, it was proposed to explain orbital peculiarities)

Other solar system planets

  • The Ninth Planet, as originally proposed is not our Pluto, and was found completely by coincidences that Pluto was where the proposed Planet X was supposedly in the sky.
  • Phaeton, expected to have an orbit between Mars and Jupiter

Extrasolar hypotheticals

  • PSR 1829-10's planet, proposed by Andrew Lyne of University of Manchester on July 24 1991, was retracted in 1992. A combination of an inaccurate position for the pulsar and a timing model approximating the Earth's orbit about the Sun with a circle yielded processed data resembling that which would have been expected from a pulsar planet with an orbital period of half a year.
  • PSR 1257+12 D, the proposed fourth planet in the first extra solar planetary system, was retracted due to further detection refinements. (It has subsequently been replaced by a proposal for a comet)
  • A microlensing event in 1996 of the gravitationally lensed quasar Q0957+561, observed by R. E. Schild in the A lobe of the double imaged quasar, has lead to a controversial, and unconfirmable speculation that a 3 Earth mass planet is possibly in the unknown lensing galaxy, between Earth and the quasar.

List of unconfirmed exoplanets

when confirmed, please move to the list of confirmed planets

star planet minimum mass
(x Jupiter)
orbital distance
(x Earth)
orbital period
Quasar Q0957+561

List of doubtful exoplanets

(list is very incomplete)

star planet minimum mass
(x Jupiter)
orbital distance
(x Earth)
orbital period
61 Cygni b
Aldebaran b
Barnard's Star b
Lalande 21185 b

List of exoplanets disproven

(list is very incomplete)

star planet minimum mass
(x Jupiter)
orbital distance
(x Earth)
orbital period
HD 83443 c 54 MEarth 0.174 29.83
PSR 1257+12 D 100 MEarth 40 ~100 years
PSR 1829-10

Other Resources

See also

External links


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