Chittoor

From Academic Kids

Chittoor, also known as Chittur, is a city and district of India's Andhra Pradesh state. It is famous for the Tirupati, Kanipakam and Sri Kalahasti temples. Population 133,462 (1991 census). Chittoor is in the Poini River valley of southernmost Andhra Pradesh, on the Bangalore-Chennai highway. It is a market center for grain, sugarcane, and peanuts. Its industries include oilseed and rice milling.

Chittoor District

The district is bounded by Anantapur District to the northwest, Cuddapah District to the north, Nellore District to the northeast, Tamil Nadu state to the south, and Karnataka state to the southeast. Area 15,359 sq km, population 2,267,769 (1991 census). It is the least developed area of the state. Mango and tamarind groves surround the city of Chittoor, and cattle are raised in the district.

Horsely Hills, formerly called Enugu Mallamma Konda, is a summer resort located near the town of Madanapalle. It is known to some as the "Andhra Ooty". Madanapalle is the center of an agricultural region noted for its fruits and vegetables, especially tomatoes. Rishi Valley, near Horsely Hills is noted for its residential education (Gurkula).

Gurram Konda, in the western part of the district, is an historic center, with an old fort and a sultan's palace called the Rangini Mahal. Other notable places in the district are Gandikota, Jyothi, Pushpagiri, Ardhagiri, Chandragiri and Vontimitta.

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