Bergen, Norway

Bergen kommune
County Hordaland
Landscape Midhordland
Municipality NO-1201
Administrative centre Bergen
Mayor (2004) Herman Friele (H)
Official language form Neutral
 - Total
 - Land
 - Percentage
Ranked 215
465 km²
445 km²
0.14 %
 - Total (2005)
 - Percentage
 - Change (10 years)
 - Density
Ranked 2
5.19 %
8.0 %
Coordinates Template:Coor dm

Data from Statistics Norway (

View of Bergen from Flyen
View of Bergen from Flyen
A photo of buildings near Bryggen built 1901
A photo of buildings near Bryggen built 1901
Missing image
Summer day in Bergen

Bergen is a municipality and city in the county of Hordaland, Norway.

Bergen is the second largest city in Norway. It is located on the south-western coast-line of Norway, between de syv fjell, "seven mountains", according to folklore. Bergen is also known as the gateway to the fjords of Norway.



Founded as a city by Olav Kyrre in 1070 AD and considered to be Norway's capital until 1299, Bergen toward the end of the thirteenth century became one of the Hanseatic League's four most important cities. The trading activities and administration was located at the bay that forms the centre of Bergen, and the continuous quayside buildings of Bryggen are now on the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites. The city suffered greatly when the Black Plague was introduced in September 1349 by crew members on Hansa ships and spread to the rest of the country by the following summer. In 1429 descendants of the Victual Brothers attacked Bergen with some ships, plundered the town and burned it down.


Since 2000, the city of Bergen is governed by a city government (Byrd) based on the principle of Parliamentarism. The government consists of 5 government members called commissioners, and is appointed by the city council, which is the supreme authority of the city.


Bergen is renowned for its plentiful rainfall. In average, it rains two out of three days. Yearly average rainfall is 2250 mm (88 inches). Its longest period of uninterrupted rain in recent years was from January 3, 1990 to March 26, 1990. For some years there were vending machines for umbrellas on some streets. However, it did not turn out to be a success.

Universities and research

The University of Bergen [1] ( is known for its strong marine biology and geology (petroleum) research. Recently the university was awarded three national centers of excellence [2] ( in climate research, petroleum research and middle age studies. In december 2004, billionaire Trond Mohn donated 250 million NOK to the University for the purpose of research. Only months later (april 2005), he added an additional NOK 50 million.

Bergen is also home of the Norwegian School of Economics and Business Administration (NHH), a leading school of business and economics in Norway.


Industries in Bergen include deep sea shipping, fishing, academia, and services. The nearby Mongstad complex is the largest port in Norway, responsible for about 70% of all wet bulk.


Bergen has an international airport, Bergen Flesland Airport, and has a railway line to Oslo. Public transportation is provided by Gaia Trafikk and Hardanger Sunnhordlandske Dampskipsselskap (HSD). There is also a funicular (Flibanen) and a aerial tramway (Ulriksbanen).

Culture and sports

Bergen is also an important cultural centre in its region and in Norway, maybe best known for hosting the annual Bergen International Festival [3] ( (Festspillene). Bergen was a European City of Culture in 2000. Other main cultural events includes Nattjazz [4] ( and Bergenfest [5] ( (former Ole Blues).

In the late 1990s and early 2000s many musicians from Bergen became famous, in Norway and abroad. Many of whom were connected to the small record label Tell. In domestic press, this became known as the Bergen Wave. Musicians and bands from Bergen include Kings of Convenience, Ryksopp, Erlend ye, Annie and Sondre Lerche.

Bergen has a small but thriving scene for contemporary art, most notebly centered around BIT [6] (, Bergen Kunsthall, USF [7] ( and Bergen center of Electronic Art - BEK [8] (

The local football team, S.K. Brann, plays in the Norwegian premier league (2004).

Famous people

Ole Borneman Bull was born in Bergen in 1810. Ludvig Holberg was born there in 1684. The composer Edvard Grieg (1843-1907) was born and died in Bergen.

Sister cities

Bergen has several sister cities. They are:

External links


Municipalities of Hordaland Missing image
Hordaland coat of arms

Asky | Austevoll | Austrheim | Bergen | Bmlo | Eidfjord | Etne | Fedje | Fitjar | Fjell | Fusa | Granvin | Jondal | Kvam | Kvinnherad | Linds | Masfjorden | Meland | Modalen | Odda | Os | Ostery | Rady | Samnanger | Stord | Sund | Sveio | Tysnes | Ullensvang | Ulvik | Vaksdal | Voss | ygarden


da:Bergen de:Bergen eo:Bergen (Norvegio) fr:Bergen (Norvge) he:ברגן la:Berga nl:Bergen (Noorwegen) ja:ベルゲン no:Bergen nn:Bergen ro:Bergen, Norvegia fi:Bergen sv:Bergen, Norge


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