Baltimore Ravens

From Academic Kids

Template:NFL team The Baltimore Ravens are a National Football League team based in Baltimore, Maryland.

In some accounts there is confusion over the history of the Baltimore Ravens. This is due to the unusual and unprecedented actions taken by the city of Cleveland, Ohio and the National Football League following the relocation of the Cleveland Browns to Baltimore in 1996. Browns owner Art Modell decided to move the team to Baltimore citing the condition of the old and decrepit Cleveland Stadium and the lack of a sufficient replacement. A deal worked out by the league for Browns fans stipulates that the team name, colors, and history of the franchise were to remain in Cleveland. For that reason, past records and Hall of Fame players are attributed to the Cleveland Browns and not to the Baltimore Ravens. See the Franchise History entry for the Cleveland Browns for full details of the move.

Founded: 1996.
Home field: M&T Bank Stadium (formerly PSInet Stadium and Ravens Stadium)
Previous home field: Memorial Stadium (1996-1997)
Uniform colors: Black, Purple, Metallic Gold, and White. (The primary home uniform is a purple jersey and white pants. In 2004, the team introduced an alternate attire of black jersey and black pants for a game broadcast on ESPN.)
Helmet design: A black helmet with a purple and black raven's head in profile, with the letter "B" superimposed in metallic gold and white. Purple "talons" rise up from the facemask up the center of the helmet.
League championships won: 2000
Mascots: Edgar, Allan, and Poe
Super Bowl appearances: XXXV (won)

Franchise history

Missing image
Baltimore Ravens logo from 1996-1998. It was changed due to alleged copyright infringement.

The Baltimore Ravens' first season was in 1996 after owner Art Modell relocated the Cleveland Browns to Baltimore. Modell also hired Ted Marchibroda to coach the team (an interesting choice because Marchibroada had, during his coaching career, coached the Baltimore Colts during the 1970s and the Indianapolis Colts during the 1990s). Ozzie Newsome, Cleveland's prolific tight end for many seasons, joined Modell in Baltimore as director of football operations - later promoted to Vice President/General Manager.

After three consecutive losing seasons, Marchibroda was succeeded by Brian Billick, who had served as the offensive coordinator for the Minnesota Vikings the season before.

Under Billick's guidance, the Ravens made the playoffs for the first time after the 2000 season. After defeating the Denver Broncos in the first round of the playoffs, the Ravens bested the Tennessee Titans (owners of the regular season's best record) and the Oakland Raiders to win a berth in Super Bowl XXXV, where they defeated the New York Giants by a score of 34-7 in January, 2001, thereby becoming only the third wild card team to win a Super Bowl championship.

In 2001, the Ravens attempted to defend their title, but injuries and poor offensive performance stymied the team. They won a wild card berth again, and beat the Miami Dolphins in the first round, but were bested by the Pittsburgh Steelers in the next round.

In 2003, the Ravens won their first AFC North division title. The Ravens lost to the Titans in a close first round game at home. After the season, Art Modell officially transferred ownership of the team to Steve Bisciotti, a local businessman, ending over 40 years of tenure as an NFL franchise owner.

Players of note

Pro Football Hall of Famers

Current players

Note: Clayton (from the University of Oklahoma), was the Ravens top draft pick of 2005. Mason and Rolle signed as unrestricted free agents after playing for many seasons with the Tennessee Titans.

Retired numbers

The Ravens have not honored any player by retiring his jersey, but a "Ring of Honor" was established at M&T Bank Stadium. The following have been honored through the 2004 season:

Not to be forgotten

External links

The National Football League
Baltimore Ravens | Buffalo Bills | Cincinnati Bengals | Cleveland Browns | Denver Broncos | Houston Texans | Indianapolis Colts | Jacksonville Jaguars | Kansas City Chiefs | Miami Dolphins | New England Patriots | New York Jets | Oakland Raiders | Pittsburgh Steelers | San Diego Chargers | Tennessee Titans Arizona Cardinals | Atlanta Falcons | Carolina Panthers | Chicago Bears | Dallas Cowboys | Detroit Lions | Green Bay Packers | Minnesota Vikings | New Orleans Saints | New York Giants | Philadelphia Eagles | San Francisco 49ers | Seattle Seahawks | St. Louis Rams | Tampa Bay Buccaneers | Washington Redskins
NFL playoffs | AFC Championship Game | NFC Championship Game | The Super Bowl
NFL on television | The Pro Bowl | NFLPA | AFL | AFL-NFL Merger | NFL Europe | Defunct NFL teams

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