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August Ferdinand Mbius (November 17, 1790, Schulpforta, Saxony, Germany - September 26, 1868, Leipzig) was a German mathematician and theoretical astronomer.

He is best known for his discovery of the Mbius strip, a non-orientable two-dimensional surface with only one side when immersed in three-dimensional Euclidean space. It was independently discovered by Johann Benedict Listing at about the same time. Mbius was the first to introduce homogeneous coordinates into projective geometry. Möbius transformations, important in projective geometry, and not to be confused with the Möbius transform of number theory, also bear his name. His interest was also in number theory, and the important Mbius function μ(n) and the Möbius inversion formula are named after him.

He was a descendant of Martin Luther.

The character of Johann Wilhelm Mbius - a particular scientist who tries to evade his own inventions by pretending to be insane - in Drrenmatt's satiric drama The Physicists is named after him. So is the asteroid 28516 Mbius. There is a tribute to him in Serious Sam: The Second Encounter, in the form on the deathmatch map dm_mobius.cs:August Ferdinand Mbius de:August Ferdinand Mbius es:August Ferdinand Mbius fr:August Ferdinand Mbius ko:아우구스트 페르디난트 뫼비우스 nl:August Ferdinand Mbius pl:August Ferdinand Mbius ru:Мёбиус, Август Фердинанд sl:August Ferdinand Mbius sv:August Ferdinand Mbius

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