Alexander of Poland

From Academic Kids

Aleksander Jagiellończyk
Aleksander Jagiellończyk
Reign From December 12 1501
until August 19, 1506
Coronation On December 12, 1501
in the Wawel Cathedral,
Krakw, Poland
Royal House Jagiellon
Parents Kazimierz IV Jagiellończyk
Elżbieta Rakuszanka
Consorts Helena
Children None
Date of Birth August 5, 1461
Place of Birth Krakw, Poland
Date of Death August 19, 1506
Place of Death Wilno, Lithuania
Place of Burial Holy Mary Cathedral,
Wilno, Lithuania
buried in 1506

Alexander the Jagiellonian (Polish: Aleksander Jagiellonczyk, Lithuanian: Aleksandras Jogailaitis) (1461-1506), king of Poland and grand-duke of Lithuania, fourth son of Casimir IV, king of Poland, was elected grand-duke of Lithuania on the death of his father in 1492, and king of Poland on the death of his brother John Albert in 1501.

Straightaway, his relative lack of funds made him subservient to the Polish senate and nobles (szlachta), who deprived him of the control of the mint (then one of the most lucrative sources of revenue of the Polish kings), curtailed his prerogative, and generally endeavoured to reduce him to a subordinate position. This ill-timed parsimony reacted injuriously upon Polish politics. Thus, for want of funds, Alexander was unable to assist the Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights or prevent Grand Duke of Muscovy Ivan III from ravaging Lithuania with the Tatars. The utmost the king could do was to garrison Smolensk and other fortresses and employ his wife Helena, the tsar's daughter, to mediate a truce between his father-in-law and himself after the disastrous Battle of Vedrosha (1500). According to the terms of this truce, Lithuania had to surrennder about one third of its territory to the nascent Russian state.

During his reign Poland suffered much humiliation from the attempts of her subject principality, Moldavia, to throw off her yoke. Only the death of Stephen, the great hospodar of Moldavia, enabled Poland still to hold her own on the Danube; while the liberality of Pope Julius II, who issued no fewer than 29 bulls in favour of Poland and granted Alexander Peter's Pence and other financial help, enabled the Polish king to restrain somewhat the arrogance of the Teutonic Order.

In Alexander the characteristic virtues of the Jagiellos, patience and generosity, degenerated into slothfulness and extravagance. Frequently he was too poor to pay the expenses of his own table. But he never felt at home in Poland, and bestowed his favour principally upon his fellow-countrymen, the most notable of whom was the wealthy Lithuanian magnate Michael Glinski, who justified his master's confidence by his great victory over the Tatars at Kleck (August 5, 1506), the news of which was brought to Alexander on his deathbed.

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External link

pl:Aleksander Jagiellończyk sv:Alexander av Polen uk:Александр Яґеллончик


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