Emperor Higashiyama of Japan

From Academic Kids

Emperor Higashiyama (東山天皇) (October 21, 1675 - January 16, 1710) was the 113th imperial ruler of Japan. He ruled from May 6, 1687 to July 27, 1709. His personal name was Asahito (朝仁) and his title was Go-no-miya (?) (五宮)

Genealogy

He was the fifth son of Emperor Reigen. He had at least ten children.

  • Empress: Princess Sachiko (?) (幸子女王) (Empress Dowager ??, 承秋門院)
    • First daughter: Imperial Princess Yukiko (秋子内親王), daughter of Arisugawa-no-miya Yukihito
  • Lady-in-waiting: Kushige Noriko (?) (櫛笥賀子) (Empress Dowager ??, 新崇賢門院)
    • First son: Ichi-no-miya (一宮)
    • Second son: Ni-no-miya (二宮)
    • Fourth son: Kotobuki-no-miya (寿宮)
    • Fifth son: Imperial Prince Yasuhito (慶仁親王) ( Emperor Nakamikado)
    • Sixth son: Imperial Prince Kan'in-no-miya Naohito (閑院宮直仁親王) - First Kan'in-no-miya
  • Handmaid (?): Daughter of Takatsuji (Sugawara) ?? (高辻(菅原)長豊)
    • Third son: Prince Kimihiro (?) (公寛法親王) (Buddhist priest)
    • Third daughter: ??-no-miya (光明定院宮)
    • Fourth daughter: Princess ?? (聖祝女王)

Life

In 1687, he ascended the throne after the abdication of Emperor Reigen. On the 16th day of the 11th month of that year, he revived the Daijōsai (大嘗祭), the first ceremonial offering of rice by a newly enthroned Emperor.

Initially, Retired Emperor Reigen continued to rule in Higashiyama's name, which caused much friction with the Bakufu. However, Higashiyama's gentle character helped to improve relations with the Bakufu, and imperial property was increased, and repairs were carried out on Imperial mausoleums.

In 1701, when the Akō Incident took place, due to the bloodshed by Matsuno Ōroku, Emperor Higashiyama came near to withdrawing the imperial will.

In 1709, Emperor Nakamikado became emperor upon his abdication. Shortly afterwards, Higashiyama died of smallpox.

Eras of his reign


Preceded by:
Reigen
Emperor of Japan
1685-1709
Succeeded by:
Nakamikado

Template:End box


There is also Higashiyama, Kyoto, a ward of Kyoto City.de:Higashiyama ja:東山天皇

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