Cham (district)

From Academic Kids

Cham
Statistics
State:Bavaria
Capital:Cham
Adm. Region:Oberpfalz
Area:1510 km²
Inhabitants:131,000 (2000)
pop. density:87 inh./km²
Car identification:CHA
Homepage:landkreis-cham.de (http://www.landkreis-cham.de)
Map
Missing image
Bavaria_cha.png
Map of Bavaria highlighting the district Cham

Cham is a district in Bavaria, Germany. It is bounded by (from the south and clockwise) the districts of Regen, Straubing-Bogen, Regensburg and Schwandorf and by the Czech Plzen Region.

Contents

History

The first historical date in the regional history is the year 748, when the bishop of Regensburg ordered the foundation of a monastery in the sparsely populated region. About hundred years later the royal castle of Cham was built and became a summer residence for the Holy Roman Emperors. The region was called Campriche or Mark Cham. In 1204 the Mark Cham became subject to Bavaria, in 1352 to the Palatinate and in the 17th century back to Bavaria.

Geography

The district is located in the northern parts of the Bavarian Forest. It is situated within the borders of the Upper Bavarian Forest Nature Park. The highest mountain is the Großer Arber (1439 m), which is located on the Czech border. The Regen river enters the district in the southeast and leaves to the west; most of the settled places are situated along this river and its main tributary, the Chamb coming from the Czech border.

Coat of arms

Missing image
Cham_district_coa.jpg
Coat of arms

The upper part of the arms is occupied by the blue and white checkered pattern of Bavaria. Below the church of Chammünster is displayed (today belonging to the town of Cham), which was built in 748 within a famous monastery.

Towns and municipalities

Towns Municipalities
  1. Cham
  2. Furth (im Wald)
  3. Kötzting
  4. Roding
  5. Rötz
  6. Waldmünchen
  1. Arnschwang
  2. Arrach
  3. Blaibach
  4. Chamerau
  5. Eschlkam
  6. Falkenstein
  7. Gleißenberg
  8. Grafenwiesen
  9. Hohenwarth
  10. Lam
  11. Lohberg
  12. Michelsneukirchen
  13. Miltach
  14. Neukirchen
  15. Pemfling
  16. Pösing

  1. Reichenbach
  2. Rettenbach
  3. Rimbach
  4. Runding
  5. Schönthal
  6. Schorndorf
  7. Stamsried
  8. Tiefenbach
  9. Traitsching
  10. Treffelstein
  11. Waffenbrunn
  12. Wald
  13. Walderbach
  14. Weiding
  15. Willmering
  16. Zandt
  17. Zell

External links


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Germany | German districts | Rural and urban districts in Bavaria

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de:Landkreis Cham

nl:Cham (district)

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