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Zhengzhou

From Academic Kids

Zhengzhou (Template:Zh-stp) formerly called Zhengxian, is located 24 km south of the Huang He (Yellow River). It is the capital of Henan province in China. Population: 5.97 million.

See also: List of capitals of subnational entities
Contents

History

Shang Dynasty established Aodu (隞都) (see also: History of China). The pre-historical city had been long lost even before the time of the First Emperor of China.

The name of Zhengzhou came from Sui Dynasty (581 AD) albeit it was located in Chenggao, another town. The government was moved to the contemporary city during Tang Dynasty.

Economy

The GDP per capita was 16028 (ca. US$1940) in 2003, ranked no. 117 among 659 Chinese cities.

Agriculture

Zhengzhou has a rural population of 3.97 million. Its main products include apple, paulownia, tobacco, corn, cotton, and wheat. In addition, Zhengzhou also produces Yellow River Carp, Zhengzhou Watermelon, Xinzheng date, dried persimmon, Guangwu Megranate and Zhongmu Garlic, all of which are specialities that are rarely found outside the region.

Industry

Zhengzhou has been one of the major industrial cities in China since 1949. The city's staple industry is textiles. Others manufactured items include: tractors, locomotives, cigarettes, fertilizer, processed meats, agricultural machinery, and electrical equipment

Transportation

Zhengzhou is a major railroad center as it is located at the crossroad of the Long-hai railroad (east-west) and the Jing-guang railroad (north-south). Zhengzhou Xinzheng International Airport is located 37km southeast to the center of the city.

Culture

College and Universities

Public

Private

Note: Institutions without full-time bachelor programs are not listed.

External link

Template:Henanja:鄭州 zh:郑州

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