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Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk

From Academic Kids

Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk (Ю́жно-Сахали́нск) is a city in Sakhalin (Island), Russia, administrative center of the Sakhalin Oblast. In Japanese, it is known as Toyohara (豊原).

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Capital of Sakhalin (Island) - Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk

The city is on the Susuya River (also called the Black River). Population: 187,000 (2000 government est.). It is served by Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk Airport

The city went from the small Russian settlement, founded by convicts in 1882, of Vladimirovka, to Toyohara (meaning "Valley of the fecundity"), the prefect capital of Japanese Karafuto, with the signing of the 1905 Portsmouth Peach Treaty, and then after the end of World War II back to the Russian city of Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk.

The Treaty of Portsmouth, signed in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, on 05 September 1905, brought a end to the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-1905. Japan was awarded the southern half of Sakhalin Island, and was leased the Liaodong Peninsula, and its Russian rail system in southern Manchuria.

Tensions still exist between Japan and Russia over the Island, especially in light of the new oil and gas boom in the area. Today things are looking up for Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk, ExxonMobil and Shell have been investing heavily in the area, although most of this has been on the northern half of Sakhalin. The demand for natural resources by the Japanese, Chinese, and South Korean's are giving the entire island a opportunity for continued prosperity.


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