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Yugoslav People's Army

From Academic Kids

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Marshall Tito reviews the Guard of Honor

The Yugoslav People's Army (Jugoslavenska/Jugoslovenska narodna armija, JNA, Slovene Jugoslovanska ljudska armada, JLA) was the army of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia prior to its dissolution.

The YPA is rooted in WWII where Yugoslav partisan force were lead by Josip Broz Tito, which in 1942 become the People's Liberation Army and Partisan detachments of Yugoslavia (Narodnoslobodilačka vojska i partizanski odredi Jugoslavije – NOV i POJ). In March of 1945 NOVJ was renamed the Yugoslav army (Jugoslovenska armija) and finally on December 22nd, 1951 received the adjective People's (narodna) as was the custom with Communist institutions.

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Soldiers on review

It had its own airplanes and built air-bases in several mountains. Several companies in Yugoslavia produced airplanes, most notably Soko with its "Orao" (pl. Orlovi, "Eagles") models, cf. Soko J-22 Orao, as well as Utva. The airplanes could take off seemingly coming from out of the mountains, and later land there in the safety of the mountain. The army had a doctrine of developing techniques with which to fool both the Soviets and Western powers: because they could not make more weapons or advanced weapons to counter both threats, they developed a tactic of hiding or concealing units, as seen with the mountain-airbases.

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On the parade grounds

With the fall of communism in the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, and ultimately the demise of the country, the Yugoslav People's Army ceased to exist.

Serbia and Montenegro (Federal Republic of Yugoslavia at the time) inherited most of the Yugoslav People's Army, though much of its resources were left in the other former Yugoslav republics.

See also

External link

Template:Mil-stubde:Jugoslawische Volksarmee fr:Armée populaire yougoslave hr:Jugoslavenska Narodna Armija sl:Jugoslovanska ljudska armada

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