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Yavne

From Academic Kids

Yavne (Hebrew יבנה, Arabic يبنة Yibnah) is a city in the Center District of Israel in Israel. According to the Israel Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), at the end of 2001 the city had a total population of 31,800.

Contents

Demographics

According to CBS, in 2001 the ethnic makeup of the city was all Jewish and other non-Arabs, without significant Arab population. There are 103 immigrants settlers. See Population groups in Israel.

According to CBS, in 2001 there were 15,800 males and 16,000 females. The population of the city was spread out with 38.5% 19 years of age or younger, 16.7% between 20 and 29, 18.6% between 30 and 44, 18.2% from 45 to 59, 2.1% from 60 to 64, and 5.8% 65 years of age or older. The population growth rate in 2001 was 0.5%.

Income

According to CBS, as of 2000, in the city there were 10,910 salaried workers and 966 are self-employed. The mean monthly wage in 2000 for a salaried worker in the city is ILS 5,699, a real change of 4.1% over the course of 2000. Salaried males have a mean monthly wage of ILS 7,430 (a real change of 1.1%) versus ILS 4,042 for females (a real change of 10.8%). The mean income for the self-employed is 7,631. There are 640 people who receive unemployment benefits and 2,396 people who receive an income guarantee.

Education

According to CBS, there are 16 schools and 7,445 students in the city. They are spread out as 11 elementary schools and 4,037 elementary school students, and 9 high schools and 3,408 high school students. 59.6% of 12th grade students were entitled to a matriculation certificate in 2001.

History

The Romans called it Iamnia. After the destruction of the Second Temple in 70 CE, Rabbi Yochanan Ben Zakkai moved the Sanhedrin to Yavne. The infrastructure developed here enabled the continued existence of the Jewish people for nearly 2000 years.

The crusaders called the site Ibelin, and built a castle there in 1141. The namesake Ibelin family was an important noble family in the Kingdom of Jerusalem and later in the Kingdom of Cyprus. Ibelin itself was captured by Saladin in 1187.

The Palestinian village of Yibna was depopulated during the 1948 Arab-Israeli War; the modern Israeli site of Yavne is close by.

Famous people from the town

External link

he:יבנה

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