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Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania

From Academic Kids

Wilkes-Barre (pronounced wilkes-berry or wilkes-bear, and most often by non-natives as wilkes-bar) is a city located in Luzerne County, Pennsylvania. It gained prominence in the 19th and 20th centuries as an active coal mining city, but has struggled economically since the 1960s. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 43,123. According to a 2003 estimate, the population decreased to 41,630. Wilkes-Barre is the county seat of Luzerne County.

Contents

History

Wilkes-Barre is named for British colonial politicians John Wilkes and Isaac Barre. The city was founded in 1768 by John Durkee and a group of European settlers, and sustained several attacks by area Native American tribes.

The discovery of anthracite coal in the 1800s brought hundreds of thousands of immigrants to the area, and also brought numerous entrepreneurs. By the turn of the 20th century, Wilkes-Barre was home to numerous stores, breweries, mills, and factories. During this time, it was nicknamed "The Diamond City," due to the abundance of coal.

After the stock market crash of 1929, Wilkes-Barre began to economically suffer, as the coal industry attempted to survive the crash. The movement from coal to oil, gas, and electricity for heat had a negative effect on the area's economy, causing many mines to shut down. After World War II, Wilkes-Barre had an unemployment rate as high as 12%.

The Knox Mine Disaster was the final nail in the local coal industry's coffin. In January 1959, the Susquehanna River broke through into a mine shaft, flooding every mine in the area. The collapse was caused by a shaft that was dug too close to the river bed. Twelve miners drowned in the flood.

Another disaster ravaged Wilkes-Barre's economy in 1972, when Hurricane Agnes flooded the city with nine feet of water. Thousands of homes and businesses were damaged or destroyed by the flood.

Language

Hayna Valley English, otherwise known as "Wyoming Valley English", is a dialect of American English that is frequently spoken in Wilkes-Barre and its surrounding communities.

Government

Executive

The city is headed by an elected mayor. The current mayor is Thomas Leighton, a businessman who served on Wilkes-Barre's City Council. He was elected in 2002.

Legislative

The legislative branch of Wilkes-Barre is the City Council. It is comprised of a chairman and six members.

Judicial

The Luzerne County Court of Common Pleas is the trial court of general jurisdiction for Wilkes-Barre. The court also has two separate divisions to handle matters of probation; one for adults and one for juveniles.

The U.S. District Court for the Middle District of Pennsylvania also has its chambers in Wilkes-Barre.

Geography

Wilkes-Barre is located at 41°14'40" North, 75°52'41" West (41.244581, -75.877918)Template:GR.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 18.6 km² (7.2 mi²). 17.7 km² (6.8 mi²) of it is land and 0.9 km² (0.3 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 4.60% water.

Demographics

As of the censusTemplate:GR of 2000, there are 43,123 people, 17,961 households, and 9,878 families residing in the city. The population density is 2,430.6/km² (6,296.3/mi²). There are 20,294 housing units at an average density of 1,143.9/km² (2,963.1/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 92.30% White, 5.09% African American, 0.11% Native American, 0.79% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.53% from other races, and 1.15% from two or more races. 1.58% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There are 17,961 households out of which 23.0% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.5% are married couples living together, 14.0% have a female householder with no husband present, and 45.0% are non-families. 39.0% of all households are made up of individuals and 18.6% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.20 and the average family size is 2.96.

In the city the population is spread out with 19.9% under the age of 18, 12.6% from 18 to 24, 26.1% from 25 to 44, 20.8% from 45 to 64, and 20.6% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 39 years. For every 100 females there are 93.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 90.7 males.

Transportation

Roads

Interstate 81 passes vertically through Wilkes-Barre, providing service to Gananoque, Ontario Canada, New York City, and Philadelphia. The city is also located near the Northeast Extension of the Pennsylvania Turnpike.

Public Transportation

Wilkes-Barre is served by the Luzerne County Transportation Authority, which provides bus service to the city and other communities within Luzerne County.

The Wilkes-Barre/Scranton International Airport is located in nearby Avoca. The airport is serviced by eight international airlines.

Professional Sports Teams

Colleges and universities

Sites of Interest

Famous Wilkes-Barre Residents

External links

Template:Mapit-US-cityscale

http://www.fotolog.net/mashuga/ Mashuga's Fotolog- Documents the homeless of Wilkes-Barre through Photos


Regions of Pennsylvania Flag of Pennsylvania
Coal Region | Lehigh Valley | Northern Tier | Northwest Region | Pennsylvania Dutch Country | Laurel Highlands | The Poconos | Susquehanna Valley
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Allentown | Altoona | Bethel Park | Bethlehem | Chester | Erie | Harrisburg | Lancaster | Levittown | Mount Lebanon | New Cumberland | Norristown | Penn Hills | Philadelphia | Pittsburgh | Reading | Scranton | State College | Wilkes-Barre
Counties
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