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Wayne County, New York

From Academic Kids

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Map_of_New_York_highlighting_Wayne_County.png
Image:Map of New York highlighting Wayne County.png

Wayne County is a county located in the state of New York. As of 2000, the population is 93,765. The county seat is Lyons. The name is in honor of General Anthony Wayne, who fought the Indian tribes and won a victory, leading to a 1794 treaty that assured western New York State to the United States of America.

Contents

History

When counties were established in New York State in 1683, the present Wayne County was part of Albany County. This was an enormous county, including the northern part of New York State as well as all of the present State of Vermont and, in theory, extending westward to the Pacific Ocean. This county was reduced in size on July 3, 1766 by the creation of Cumberland County, and further on March 16, 1770 by the creation of Gloucester County, both containing territory now in Vermont.

On March 12, 1772, what was left of Albany County was split into three parts, one remaining under the name Albany County. One of the other pieces, Tryon County, contained the western portion (and thus, since no western boundary was specified, theoretically still extended west to the Pacific). The eastern boundary of Tryon County was approximately five miles west of the present city of Schenectady, and the county included the western part of the Adirondack Mountains and the area west of the West Branch of the Delaware River. The area then designated as Tryon County now includes 37 counties of New York State. The county was named for William Tryon, colonial governor of New York.

In the years prior to 1776, most of the Loyalists in Tryon County fled to Canada. In 1784, following the peace treaty that ended the American Revolutionary War, the name of Tryon County was changed to Montgomery County in honor of the general, Richard Montgomery, who had captured several places in Canada and died attempting to capture the city of Quebec, replacing the name of the hated British governor.

In 1789, Montgomery County was reduced in size by the splitting off of Ontario County. The actual area split off from Montgomery County was much larger than the present county, also including the present Allegany, Cattaraugus, Chautauqua, Erie, Genesee, Livingston, Monroe, Niagara, Orleans, Steuben, Wyoming, Yates, and part of Schuyler and Wayne Counties.

Herkimer County was one of three counties split off from Montgomery County (the others being Otsego and Tioga Counties) in 1791.

Onondaga County was formed in 1794 by the splitting of Herkimer County.

Cayuga County was formed in 1799 by the splitting of Onondaga County. This county was, however, much larger than the present Cayuga County. It then included the present Seneca and Tompkins Counties and part of Wayne County.

In 1804, Seneca County was formed by the splitting of Cayuga County. In 1817, Seneca County was reduced in size by combining portions of Seneca and the remainder of Cayuga County to form Tompkins County.

In 1823, Wayne County was formed by combining portions of Seneca and Ontario Counties.

Geography

Wayne County is in the western part of New York State, east of Rochester and northwest of Syracuse, on the south shore of Lake Ontario.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 3,585 km² (1,384 mi²). 1,565 km² (604 mi²) of it is land and 2,020 km² (780 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 56.35% water.

The Clinton Formation, a band of of red hematite across the county, led to a thriving iron industry during the 19th Century. Furnaces were located in the Towns of Ontario and Wolcott.

Demographics

As of the census2 of 2000, there are 93,765 people, 34,908 households, and 25,063 families residing in the county. The population density is 60/km² (155/mi²). There are 38,767 housing units at an average density of 25/km² (64/mi²). The racial makeup of the county is 93.80% White, 3.25% African American, 0.26% Native American, 0.47% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.87% from other races, and 1.34% from two or more races. 2.41% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There are 34,908 households out of which 36.10% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.70% are married couples living together, 10.30% have a female householder with no husband present, and 28.20% are non-families. 22.40% of all households are made up of individuals and 9.30% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.64 and the average family size is 3.08.

In the county the population is spread out with 27.40% under the age of 18, 6.80% from 18 to 24, 30.10% from 25 to 44, 23.50% from 45 to 64, and 12.20% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 37 years. For every 100 females there are 98.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 95.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county is $44,157, and the median income for a family is $51,495. Males have a median income of $36,825 versus $26,470 for females. The per capita income for the county is $19,258. 8.60% of the population and 6.00% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 10.70% of those under the age of 18 and 9.40% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.

Cities and towns

=> Categories in parentheses are official political designation.

Adjacent counties and areas

The northern boundary is Lake Ontario with Canada on the opposite shore. The western boundary is Monroe County, and the eastern boundary is Cayuga County. The south boundary is shared with Ontario and Seneca Counties.

External link


Flag of New York

State of New York

Capital:

Albany

Regions:

Adirondack Mountains | Capital District | Catskill Mountains | Central | Finger Lakes | The Holland Purchase | Hudson Valley | Long Island | Mohawk Valley | Shawangunks | Southern Tier | Upstate | Western

Major metros:

Albany | Binghamton | Buffalo | New York | Rochester | Syracuse | Utica

Smaller cities:

Amsterdam | Auburn | Batavia | Canandaigua | Corning | Cortland | Dunkirk | Elmira | Geneva | Glen Cove | Glens Falls | Gloversville | Goshen | Hornell | Hudson | Ilion | Ithaca | Jamestown | Kingston | Lockport | Malone | Massena | Middletown | New Paltz | Newark | Ogdensburg | Olean | Oneida | Oneonta | Oswego | Plattsburgh | Port Jervis | Poughkeepsie | Riverhead | Rome | Saratoga Springs | Warwick | Watertown

Counties:

Albany | Allegany | Bronx | Broome | Cattaraugus | Cayuga | Chautauqua | Chemung | Chenango | Clinton | Columbia | Cortland | Delaware | Dutchess | Erie | Essex | Franklin | Fulton | Genesee | Greene | Hamilton | Herkimer | Jefferson | Kings (Brooklyn) | Lewis | Livingston | Madison | Monroe | Montgomery | Nassau | New York (Manhattan) | Niagara | Oneida | Onondaga | Ontario | Orange | Orleans | Oswego | Otsego | Putnam | Queens | Rensselaer | Richmond (Staten Island) | Rockland | Saint Lawrence | Saratoga | Schenectady | Schoharie | Schuyler | Seneca | Steuben | Suffolk | Sullivan | Tioga | Tompkins | Ulster | Warren | Washington | Wayne | Westchester | Wyoming | Yates

de:Wayne County (New York) pt:Wayne (condado)

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