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Internet Archive

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(Redirected from Wayback Machine)
Internet Archive, San Francisco
Internet Archive, San Francisco

The "Internet Archive" (archive.org), located in the Presidio of San Francisco, was founded by Brewster Kahle in 1996 and is dedicated to maintaining an archive of the Internet. Their collections include:

The archive also maintains the Wayback Machine, with content donated by Alexa Internet. Once given a URL, this tool allows the user to see versions of the corresponding web page over time. Examples of the Wayback Machine's archives:

  • Amazon (http://web.archive.org/web/%2A/www.amazon.com)
  • Microsoft (http://web.archive.org/web/%2A/www.microsoft.com)
  • BBC News (http://web.archive.org/web/%2A/news.bbc.co.uk)
  • Google (http://web.archive.org/web/%2A/www.google.com)
  • Open Directory (http://web.archive.org/web/%2A/dmoz.org)
  • Wikipedia (http://web.archive.org/web/%2A/www.wikipedia.org)


The archive always waits six months before putting pages online.

The archive's total collection in 2003 was around 100 terabytes of data (with a growth rate of 12 TB per month). As of 2004 it had reached over a petabyte and was growing at the rate of 20 TB per month. This included over 40 billion web pages. A copy of the data is also maintained at Bibliotheca Alexandrina.

The name "Wayback Machine" is a reference to a Rocky and Bullwinkle Show cartoon serial. Mr. Peabody, a bowtie-endowed dog with a professorial air, and his assistant, a boy named "Sherman", use a time machine named the "Wayback Machine" to visit famous events in history, usually going awry for comic reasons.

Most of their movies, books, and recordings are public domain or licensed under a Creative Commons License. The audio section largely includes music from independent artists, as well as more established ones with permissive rules in regards to the recording of their concerts (e.g. The Grateful Dead, String Cheese Incident, Toad the Wet Sprocket, 311, Fugazi, etc.).

Contents

Controversy involving the archive

Removal of Scientology sites

In late 2002, the Internet Archive removed various sites critical of Scientology from the Wayback Machine. The error message stated that this was in response to a "request by the site owner". However, it was later clarified that lawyers from the Church of Scientology had demanded the removal, on unknown legal grounds, and that the actual site owners did not want their material removed.

Movies in their archive

See also

Template:Dablink

External links

References

fr:Internet Archive it:Internet Archive ja:Internet Archive

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