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Wanzhou

From Academic Kids

Wanzhou District (Template:Zh-stp), formerly Wanxian or Wan County (Template:Zh-stp) is a district of Chongqing Municipality of the People's Republic of China. The urban area of Wanzhou, located in the northern part of the district and on the upper reaches of the Three Gorges on the Yangtze River, is 228 km away from downtown Chongqing.

"Wanzhou" literally means "myriad-prefecture", where "a myriad rivers converge and a myriad traders gather" (万川毕汇、万商云集). It was a city on its own right until 1997, when it was agglomerated with Chongqing. Due to the construction of the Three Gorges Dam, 47% of Wanzhou's old urban area will be underwater by the time the reservoir is filled. Buildings in the submerged area have been torn down and new ones rebuilt on higher ground.

Contents

History

The district was part of Wanxian (万县) Prefecture, then the prefectural Wanxian City. It was renamed to Wanzhou in late 1990s.

It was part of Quren District of Ba Prefecture (巴郡朐忍县) in the Qin Dynasty. It became Yangqu District (羊渠县) in 216 (the Eastern Han Dynasty). In 230 (the Shu-Han Kingdom), it was renamed to Nanpu (南浦县); in 553 (the Western Wei Dynasty), to Yuquan (鱼泉县); in 557 (Northern Zhou Dynasty), to Anxiang (安乡县); in 584, to Wanchuan (万川县); and in 598 (Sui Dynasty), to Nanchang again.

It continued to be renamed and administration slightly changed. In 1935, it became Wanxian Zhuanqu (万县专区). On December 12, 1992, the State Council abolished Wanxian Prefecture and its subordinate Wanxian City and created the prefecture-level Wanxian City, which administered the districts of Longbao, Tiancheng, Wuqiao (龙宝区、天城区、五桥区) and the counties of Kai, Zhong, Liangping, Yunyang, Fengjie, Wushan, Wuxi, and Kaikou (开县、忠县、梁平县、云阳县、奉节县、巫山县、巫溪县、城口县).

The entire Wanxian City was merged into Chongqing on December 20, 1997. The merge necessitated the abolishment of Wanxian City and creation of Wanxian District and Wanxian Migration Development Area (移民开发区). Wanxian City's three districts were converted to administrative committees (管理委员会, abbreviated 管委会) of Wanxian District. The migration development area included the counties formerly in Wanxian City, except Liangping and Chengkou, which were administered by Chongqing directly.

On May 22, 1998, the State Council approved that the two areas named Wanxian were both renamed to Wanzhou. The migration development area later dissolved and its counties were directly controlled by Chongqing. On July 19, 2000, the district's administrative committees were changed to migration development areas.

Subdivisions

The 4 primary subdivisions are 3 migration development areas (Longbao, Tiancheng, Wuqiao) and Jiangnan New District (江南新区). The 92 secondary subdivisions are 16 sub-districts, 33 towns, and 43 townships (see Political divisions of China#Levels). In 2000, the district included 32 towns, 45 townships, 14 sub-districts, and 1277 neighborhood and village committees.

Tiancheng

29 subdivisions:

5 sub-districts:

  • Zhonggulou (钟鼓楼)
  • Pipaping (枇杷坪)
  • Yingahuiping (映水坪)
  • Zhoujiaba (周家坝)
  • Shahe (沙河)

15 towns:

  • Tiancheng (天城)
  • Fenshui (分水)
  • Lihe (李河)
  • Gaoliang (高梁)
  • Xiongjiang (熊家)
  • Xiaozhou (小周)
  • Gaosheng (高升)
  • Sanzheng (三正)
  • Peiwen (培文)
  • Yujia (余家)
  • Sunjia (孙家)
  • Houshan (后山)
  • Danzi (弹子)
  • Dongjia (董家)
  • Dazhou (大周)

9 townships:

  • Tiefeng (铁峰)
  • Tielu (铁炉)
  • Dabei (大碑)
  • Kuihua (葵花)
  • Huangni (黄泥)
  • Sanyuan (三元)
  • Daxing (大兴)
  • Qiaoting (桥亭)
  • Xinyuan (新袁)


Wuqiao

36 primary divisions:

3 sub-districts:

  • Baianba (百安坝)
  • Wuqiao (五桥)
  • Chenjiaba (陈家坝)

11 towns:

  • Changlin (长岭)
  • Xintian (新田)
  • Baiyang (白羊)
  • Longju (龙驹)
  • Changtan (长滩)
  • Baitu (白土)
  • Xinxiang (新乡)
  • Tailong (太龙)
  • Taian (太安)
  • Zouma (走马)
  • Luotian (罗田)

23 townships:

  • Liangshui (凉水)
  • Zizhu (茨竹)
  • Lishu (梨树)
  • Henghe (恒合)
  • Puzi (普子)
  • Fengyi (凤仪)
  • Ganshang (赶场)
  • Guyu (谷雨)
  • Zhongshan (中山)
  • Xikou (溪口)
  • Xiangjiang (向家)
  • Dibao (地宝)
  • Shuangliu (双流)
  • Huangbp (黄柏)
  • Yanjing (盐井)
  • Shilong (石龙)
  • Shuangshi (双石)
  • Yousha (油沙)
  • Yanshan (燕山)
  • Changping (长坪)
  • Matou (马头)
  • Tuanjie (团结)
  • Datian (大田)

Jiangnan

2 subdivisions:

2 sub-districts:

  • Chenjiaba (陈家坝)
  • Panlong (盘龙)
0 towns 0 townships

Longbao

27 primary subdivisions:

7 sub-district:


  • Gaosuntang (高笋塘)
  • Pailou (牌楼)
  • Taibaiyan (太白岩)
  • Hongguang (红光)
  • Shuanghekou (双河口)
  • Longdu (龙都)
  • Wan'an (万安 )

7 towns:

  • Gaofeng (高峰)
  • Wuling (武陵)
  • Liangfeng (凉风)
  • Ganning (甘宁)
  • Longsha (龙沙)
  • Xiangshui (响水)
  • Rangdu (瀼渡)

11 townships:

  • Jiuchi (九池)
  • Zhushan (柱山)
  • Ruichi (瑞池)
  • Guocun (郭村)
  • Shiqiao (石桥)
  • Lushan (鹿山)
  • Hekou (河口)
  • Yanshi (岩口)
  • Longgu (龙古)
  • Guojia (国家)
  • Lujing (鹿井)

External links

Template:Chongqingzh:万州

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