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Vuk Stefanovic Karadzic

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Vuk Stefanović Karadžić (Вук Стефановић Караџић) (November 7, 1787 - February 7, 1864) was a Serb linguist and major reformer of the Serbian language.

Vuk Stefanović Karadžić
Vuk Stefanović Karadžić

Karadžić was born in the village of Tršić, near Loznica in Serbia; his first name "Vuk" means "wolf". Apart from learning to read and write in the Tronoša monastery he educated himself. He took part in Serbian uprisings against Ottoman occupation and left us detailed accounts of them.

Karadžić reformed the Serb literary language and standardized the Serbian Cyrillic alphabet by following strict phonemic principles. (In everyday usage, but less accurately, his alphabet is often termed a phonetic alphabet.) This made it one of the most usable in the world.

Kardžić's reforms of the Serbian literary language have modernized it and distanced it from Serbian and Russian Church Slavonic, instead bringing it close to common folk speech, specifically, to the dialect of Eastern Herzegovina which he spoke. Karadžić was, together with Đuro Daničić, the main Serbian signer of the Vienna Agreement of 1850 which, encouraged by Austrian authorities, laid the foundation for the later Serbo-Croatian language.

He collected several tomes of folk prose and poetry and created all the works listed below. For his work he received little financial aid, at times living in poverty. He died in Vienna.

Major works

Quotation

Write as you speak and read as it is written. [The essence of modern Serbian spelling]

In Serbian: Пиши као што говориш и читај како је написано (Piši kao što govoriš i čitaj kako je napisano)

External links

de:Vuk Stefanović Karadžić es:Vuk Stefanović Karadžić hr:Vuk Karadžić pl:Vuk Karadžić sr:Вук Стефановић Караџић

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