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Voiceless velar plosive

From Academic Kids

Template:Infobox IPA

The voiceless velar plosive is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is , and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is k. The voiceless velar plosive occurs in English, and it is the sound denoted by the letter 'c' in cat or the letter 'k' in skin.

Contents

Features

Features of the voiceless velar plosive:

Varieties of [k]

IPA Description
plain k
aspirated k
palatalized k
labialized k
unreleased k
voiced k
ejective k

In English

English has both aspirated and plain [k], but they are allophones.

When [k] occurs at the beginning of a word or a stressed syllable, like in cry, vacation, or Korea, then it is always aspirated. When it occurs at the beginning of an unstressed syllable that isn't at the beginning of a word, like in trafficking, walker, or typical, then it is slightly aspirated or unaspirated. When [k] occurs in a consonant cluster following [s], like in sky, scrape, or whisker, then it is always unaspirated. When it occurs at the end of a word, like in pack, silk, or whisk, then it is usually unaspirated, and if the word is at the end of an utterance, then the [k] is often unreleased.

In other languages

The [k] sound is a very common sound cross-linguistically. Most languages have at least a plain [k], and some distinguish more than one variety. Many Indian languages, such as Hindi, have a two-way contrast between aspirated and plain [k].

Georgian

Georgian has aspirated and ejective [k]. They are distinct phonemes, not allophones. Aspirated k is spelled with ქ. Ejective k is spelled with კ.

German

In German, as in English, aspirated and plain [k] are allophones.

See also


Sounds of the world's languages
International Phonetic Alphabet
Consonants | Vowels
Places of articulation Manners of articulation

Bilabial | Labiodental | Labial-velar | Dental | Alveolar | Postalveolar | Alveolo-palatal | Retroflex | Palatal | Velar | Uvular | Pharyngeal | Epiglottal | Glottal

Nasals | Plosives | Fricatives | Affricates | Laterals | Approximants | Flaps/Taps | Trills | Ejectives | Implosives | Clicks

de:Stimmloser velarer Plosiv

pt:Oclusiva velar surda

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