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Victor Emmanuel II of Italy

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King Victor Emmanuel II of Italy
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King Victor Emmanuel II of Italy
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Victor Emmanuel II (Italian: Vittorio Emanuele II; March 14, 1820January 9, 1878) was the King of Piedmont, Savoy and Sardinia from 18491861. On February 18, 1861, he assumed the title as King of Italy to become the first king of a united Italy, a title he held till his death in 1878.

Contents

Life

Victor Emmanuel was born in Turin. During the reign of his father, Charles Albert, the kingdoms of Sardinia and Piedmont were united. Charles Albert went to war in 1848 against the Austrian Empire (which ruled most of northern Italy), but was defeated at the Battle of Novara the following year. Charles Albert abdicated and Victor Emmanuel became king of Sardinia–Piedmont on March 24, 1849.

Under his command, and with the skillful action of his minister, Count Cavour, the Kingdom of Sadinia grew to include whole Italy (1860 – 1870), and thus Victor Emmanuel II of Savoy became Victor Emmanuel II of Italy.


Wife and sons

In 1842 he was married to a cousin, Maria Adelaide of Habsburg (b.1822-d.1855) and had children including:

Rosa Theresa Vercellona Guerrieri (nicknamed La Rosina) was once Victor Emmanuel's mistress. The Count of Mirafiori and Fontanafredda was probably their (illegitimate) son.

See also

External links


Preceded by:
Charles Albert
King of Sardinia
1849-1861
Succeeded by:
Preceded by:
King of Italy
1861-1878
Succeeded by:
Umberto I

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Template:Euro-royal-stubde:Viktor Emanuel II. es:Vctor Manuel II fr:Victor-Emmanuel II d'Italie it:Vittorio Emanuele II di Savoia nl:Victor Emanuel II van Itali ja:ヴィットーリオ・エマヌエーレ2世 pt:Vtor Emanuel II pl:Wiktor Emanuel II

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