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Vicente Guerrero

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Image:Guerrero_vicente.jpg
Gen. Vicente Guerrero
President of Mexico
Term of office 1829
– Preceded by Guadalupe Victoria
– Succeeded by José María Bocanegra
Date of birth 10 August 1782
Place of birth Tixtla, Guerrero
Date of death 14 February 1831
Place of death Cuilapam, Oaxaca
First Lady Guadalupe Hernández de Guerrero
Occupation Army General
Party Popular (Yorkino)

Vicente Ramón Guerrero Saldaña (10 August 178214 February 1831) was one of the leaders of Mexico's struggle for independence from Spain and an early President of Mexico. He was born in the town of Tixtla, some 100 km inland from the port of Acapulco, in the Sierra Madre Occidental. He was from a poor Mulato mestizo family.

He joined in the early revolt against Spain in 1810, first fighting alongside José María Morelos and then taking command over those troops after Morelos's death. The valiant resistance he displayed against the Spanish armies made him a hero among the Mexicans.

Once Mexico achieved independence he at first collaborated with Agustín de Iturbide (he even accepted his Grand Cross of the Order of Guadalupe and the rank of General in his Imperial Army). However, soon after Iturbide prolaimed himself Emperor of Mexico, Guerrero came out in favor of a Republic with the Plan of Casa Mata.

When the conservative Manuel Gómez Pedraza seemed set to succeed Guadalupe Victoria as president of Mexico, Guerrero, with the aid of General Antonio López de Santa Anna, staged a coup and took the presidency on 1 April 1829. (The violent nature of the coup displeased some Latin American liberals of the time who otherwise sympathised with Guerrero's goals, and his actions were condemned by Simón Bolívar.) The most notable achievement of Guerrero's short term as president was ordering an immediate abolition of slavery and emancipation of all slaves.

Guerrero was deposed in a counter-coup on 4 December 1829. He hoped to come back to power, but conservative General Anastasio Bustamante captured him through bribery and had him killed.

The state of Guerrero is named after him, and his birthplace was renamed Tixtla de Guerrero in his honor.

See also

External links


Preceded by:
Guadalupe Victoria
President of Mexico
1829
Succeeded by:
Anastasio Bustamante

Template:End boxde:Vicente_Guerrero es:Vicente Guerrero fr:Vicente Guerrero

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