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Venus (mythology)

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Roman Mythology

Roman Mythology
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Roman religion
Greek/Roman myth compared

Venus is the Roman goddess of love, equivalent to Greek Aphrodite and Etruscan Turan.

Her cult began in Ardea and Lavinium, Latium. On August 18, 293 BC, her oldest temple was built. August 18 was then a festival called the Vinalia Rustica. On April 1, the Veneralia was celebrated in honor of Venus Verticordia, the protector against vice. On April 23 215 BC, a temple was built outside the Colline gate on the Capitol dedicated to Venus to commemorate the Roman defeat at the Battle of Lake Trasimene.

Julius Caesar introduced Venus Genetrix as a goddess of motherhood and domesticity.

Venus was often referred to with epithet Venus Erycina ("of the heather").

Venus became a popular subject of painting and sculpture during the Renaissance period in Europe. As a "classical" figure for whom nudity was her natural state, it was socially acceptable to depict her unclothed. As the goddess of love, a degree of erotic beauty in her presentation was justified, which had an obvious appeal to many artists and their patrons. Over time, "venus" came to refer to any artistic depiction of a nude woman, even when there was no indication that the subject was the goddess.

Venus in other mythologies

In addition to Turan and Aphrodite, other figures possibly corresponding to Venus are:


See also

External link

da:Venus (gudinde) de:Venus (Mythologie) es:Venus (mitologa) fr:Vnus (mythologie) ga:ine (miotaseolaocht) gd:ine (elas-uirsgeul) it:Venere (mitologia) nl:Venus (godheid) ja:ウェヌス pl:Wenus (bogini) pt:Vnus (deusa romana) ru:Венера (богиня) sv:Venus (mytologi) sr:Венера (богиња) zh:维纳斯

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