Vangelis

From Academic Kids

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Vangelis

Vangelis (pronounced /van-gay-liss/, with a hard "g" as in "get") is a world-renowned new age and electronic musician. He was born Evangelos Odysseas Papathanassiou (/evan-gay-loss odee-say-ass papa-tana-see-you/) on March 29, 1943.

His best known compositions are the Academy Award-winning 1981 theme to the movie Chariots of Fire and the entire score to the movie Blade Runner. He also composed the anthem of Football World Cup 2002.

Contents

History

(1943-1960) Formative years

In 1943, Evangelos Odysseas Papathanassiou [in Greek: Ευάγγελος Οδυσσέας Παπαθανασίου / Eyġġelos Oḏyssas Papaṯanasoy (Evngelos Odhisas Papathanasu)] was born in Volos, Greece.

He began composing when 4 years old, and is largely a self-taught musician. He refused to take traditional piano lessons, and throughout his career did not have substantial knowledge of reading or writing musical notation. He studied painting at the Academy of Fine Arts in Athens.

(1961-1972) Early works in bands

In the early 1960s he formed the pop group Forminx (sometimes spelled "Formynx"), which became very popular in Greece.

During the student riots in 1968 he moved to Paris and formed progressive rock band Aphrodite's Child with Demis Roussos and Loukas Sideras. They had a hit single in Europe called "Rain and Tears." In 1972 the group was disbanded, although Roussos made several appearances on Vangelis' later work.

(1973-1980) Beginning of solo career

In 1973, Vangelis began his solo work by writing scores to two films by French filmmaker Frederic Rossif. His first official solo album was Earth, also recorded in 1973. At about the same time, he rehearsed for a couple of weeks with another prog-rock band, Yes. Although he never joined the band (they ended up hiring Patrick Moraz), he became friends with singer Jon Anderson, with whom he later worked on many occasions.

After moving to London, Vangelis signed a deal with RCA Records, set up his own studio, Nemo Studios, and began recording a string of well-regarded electronic albums, such as the acclaimed 1975 album Heaven and Hell (later used as the theme to the PBS television series Cosmos by Carl Sagan), Spiral (1977) or China (1979).

(1981-1999) Work in film and commercial success

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Album cover of Spiral (1997)

In 1981 Vangelis wrote the score for Chariots of Fire; the movie won a half-dozen of awards, including the 1982 Academy Award for Original Music Score to Vangelis. The theme song topped the US Billboard charts for one week after climbing steadily for one year.

In 1982 he began working with director Ridley Scott: Vangelis scored his Blade Runner (1982), and would later score 1492: Conquest of Paradise (1992). He also scored many of the undersea documentaries of Jacques-Yves Cousteau. In 1992, France made him a Knight of the Order of Arts and Letters.

During the 1980s and '90s, Vangelis and Jon Anderson released several albums together as Jon & Vangelis.

(2000- . . . .) Later days

In 2001 he released Mythodea, an orchestral rather than electronic piece that was originally written in 1993, and used by the NASA as the theme for the Mars missions.

In 2004 he released Alexander, a CD soundtrack of his score for Oliver Stone's movie Alexander, continuing his involvement with projects related to his homeland.

Discography

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Album cover of Heaven and Hell (1975)
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Album cover of Albedo 0.39 (1975)
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Album cover of Hypothesis (1978)
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Album cover of China (1979)

Studio albums

Soundtrack albums

Collaboration albums

  • (1979) Odes - with Irene Papas
  • (1980) Short Stories - as Jon & Vangelis
  • (1981) The Friends of Mr. Cairo - as Jon & Vangelis
  • (1983) Private Collection - as Jon & Vangelis
  • (1984) The Best of Jon & Vangelis - as Jon & Vangelis
  • (1986) Rhapsodies - with Irene Papas
  • (1991) Page of Life - as Jon & Vangelis
  • (1994) Chronicles - as Jon & Vangelis

Compilations albums

  • (1978) The Best of Vangelis - compilation
  • (1982) To the Unknown Man - compilation
  • (1985) Magic Moments - compilation
  • (1989) Themes - compilation
  • (1995) Mundo Magico De Vangelis - compilation
  • (1995) Themes II - compilation
  • (1996) Portraits (So Long Ago So Clear) - compilation
  • (2000) Reprise 1990-1999 - compilation
  • (2003) Odyssey - compilation
A scene from the movie
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A scene from the movie Blade Runner

External links

  • VangelisWorld.com (http://www.vangelisworld.com/) - The official Vangelis website, but is still "under construction" (?) since 1995.
  • Vangelis.com (http://www.vangelis.com/) - Another possible website, also "under construction" since 2000.
  • Elsew.com - Elsewhere (http://www.elsew.com/) - Privately owned frequently updated Vangelis website: bio, discog, interviews, etc.
  • Rolling Stone biography (http://www.rollingstone.com/artists/bio.asp?oid=1465)
  • Vangelis Artist Profile (http://www.synthtopia.com/artists/Vangelis.html) with reviews of his major work.
  • Instruments (http://www.bladezone.com/contents/film/production/soundtrack/vangelis/) used by Vangelis (Blade Runner fansite)
  • Alexander Soundtrack.com (http://www.alexandersoundtrack.com/) - Commercial Sony website, but with audio and video resources.bg:Вангелис

cs:Vangelis de:Vangelis el:Βαγγέλης Παπαθανασίου es:Vangelis fr:Vangelis it:Vangelis nl:Vangelis ja:ヴァンゲリス pl:Vangelis ro:Vangelis sv:Vangelis

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