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University of Vienna

From Academic Kids

Template:Infobox Austrian University

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University of Vienna, main building, seen from Beethoven's apartment

The University of Vienna (German: Universität Wien) in Austria was founded in 1365 by Rudolph IV and hence named Alma mater Rudolphina. It is the largest and oldest university in the German-speaking world. To distinguish it from other Viennese universities, it is also often referred to as Hauptuni ("main university").


Contents

Organizational Structure: History and Present Developments

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Festsaal (Ceremony Hall) in the main building

The University of Vienna (as all universities and academies in Austria) featured an innovative system of democratic representation. Power inside the university was shared equally among the three pressure groups: students (the largest), junior faculty and full professors. All groups had the right to send representatives to boards that then took votes on almost all issues. While guaranteeing that all groups had equal chances to bring up changes in the university, some argue that it led to corruption, especially in the nomination of people into prestigious positions.

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University of Vienna botanical garden.

The present government of Wolfgang Schüssel enacted a reform of the university system in Austria, leading to a concentration of power with the full professors, the introduction of a board of governors (with a government majority in electing it) and tuition fees (currently €387/semester). Another element of these harshly criticised reforms was the creation of separate medical universities out of the Austrian medical schools, one of them being the Medical University of Vienna -- in the traditional sense, the University of Vienna is therefore not any longer a full university.

Famous scholars

Nobel-prize winners who taught at the University of Vienna include Robert Bárány, Julius Wagner-Jauregg, Hans Fischer, Karl Landsteiner, Erwin Schrödinger, Victor Franz Hess, Otto Loewi, Konrad Lorenz and Friedrich Hayek.

The University of Vienna was the cradle of the Austrian School of economics. The founders of this school who studied here included Carl Menger, Eugen von Böhm-Bawerk, Friedrich von Wieser, Joseph Schumpeter, Ludwig von Mises and Friedrich Hayek.

Famous alumni

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Bust of Erwin Schrödinger, physicist, in the courtyard arcade.

Some of its better-known students include Bruno Bettelheim, Rudolph Bing, Josef Breuer, Elias Canetti, Kurt Gödel, Franz Grillparzer, Paul Feyerabend, O. W. Fischer, Iwan Franko, Jörg Haider, Ernst Gombrich, Hugo von Hofmannsthal, Karl Kautsky, Arthur Koestler, Karl Kraus, Richard Kuhn, Lise Meitner, Gregor Mendel, Josef Mengele, Franz Mesmer, Alois Mock, Karl Popper, Peter Porsch, Wilhelm Reich, Manfred Rumpl, Arthur Schnitzler, Adalbert Stifter, and Kurt Waldheim.

See also

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Bust of Ludwig Boltzmann, physicist, in the courtyard arcade.

External links

es:Universidad de Viena zh:维也纳大学

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