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United States Grand Prix

From Academic Kids

Template:F1 race The United States Grand Prix is a motor racing event which has taken place at various times since 1959 in several locations, at first as a part of the American Grand Prize series and later as a race in the Formula One World Championship.

Contents

History

In the early days of Formula One, the Indianapolis 500 was considered an F1 championship event. However, except for Alberto Ascari in 1952, no regular F1 drivers appeared at these races. Not until seven years later would an official Formula One event be held in the States, bringing out the top drivers in the sport.

Crowds at the United States Grand Prix at Indianapolis have exceeded 200,000
Enlarge
Crowds at the United States Grand Prix at Indianapolis have exceeded 200,000

American Grand Prize

The American Grand Prize series held a United States Grands Prix in 1908 and again from 1910 to 1916.

Sebring

Russian-born Alec Ulmann organized the first F1 American Grand Prix on the road course at Sebring, Florida in December, 1959 as the last race of the season. The starting grid included seven American drivers, but New Zealand's Bruce McLaren, in a Cooper, took his first win in F1 and became the youngest driver ever to win a Grand Prix, up to that time. McLaren took the lead on the last lap of the race when his teammate, Jack Brabham, ran out of fuel. Brabham had to push his car over the line to finish fourth and clinch his and the team's first World Championships. Despite providing an exciting climax to the season, the race wasn't successful from the hosts' standpoint, and the promoters just about broke even.

Riverside

Ulmann moved the race to the Riverside International Raceway in Riverside, California in 1960 where Stirling Moss put on quite a show in his privately-entered Lotus by winning from the pole. Yet, while the driver's purse was enormous (as at Sebring), the event was received no better than the previous year's and became another one-off.

Ticket stub from the 1973 USGP
Enlarge
Ticket stub from the 1973 USGP

Watkins Glen

In 1961, however, when Cameron Argetsinger was asked to host the race in Watkins Glen, New York, where international road racing was well established, the third time was indeed the charm, as F1 found the United States Grand Prix's home at The Glen. Over the next 20 years, the event became a cherished tradition among the fans as loyal crowds gathered each year on the wooded hills of upstate New York. It was one of the season's most popular events with the teams and drivers as well, receiving the Grand Prix Drivers' Association award for the best organized and best staged GP of the season in 1965, 1970 and 1972. In 1980, financial difficulties and the inability of the circuit to safely handle the increasingly faster and stiffer ground effect cars of the era led to the Glen's exit from the Formula One calendar after Alan Jones won the 1980 race for Williams. Since then, no United States Grand Prix has been held on a natural road course

Long Beach

See United States Grand Prix West.

Las Vegas

See Las Vegas Grand Prix.

Detroit

See United States Grand Prix East.

Dallas, Phoenix

The Vegas course left the schedule after just two seasons, and there were plans for a New York Grand Prix in 1983 to replace it, but this was cancelled unexpectedly in mid-year. Long Beach left the schedule after that year, and the Detroit track was joined in 1984 by a circuit in Dallas' Fair Park. But that event was considered a disaster and after that, the United States had only the Detroit circuit remaining on the Formula One Calendar. 5 years later, F1 left Detroit and again headed west to a Phoenix street course. This lasted 3 years without much success and after the race was axed in 1991, there was no replacement. Mika Häkkinen had a severe accident the year the Formula One last set foot in Phoenix.

Indianapolis

Indianapolis Motor Speedway, 2003 USGP
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Indianapolis Motor Speedway, 2003 USGP

It was not until 2000 that another United States Grand Prix took place, this time at legendary Indianapolis Motor Speedway. The 2.606-mile infield road course uses approximately one mile of the storied oval, but in a clockwise direction. This is distinctly different from most United States motor racing, which is run counterclockwise. However, it follows the general procedure of F1, in which the vast majority of races are run clockwise. The crowd at the 2000 race was estimated at over 225,000, perhaps the largest ever in F1. Michael Schumacher's win was his second of four straight to end the season as he overtook Mika Häkkinen for his third Championship. In 2001, the race went off less than three weeks after 9/11, and many teams and drivers featured special tributes to the US on their cars and helmets. Held in September its first four years, the USGP at Indianapolis was moved to an early summer date in 2004. In 2005 problems with Michelin tyres lead to 7 teams withdrawing from the race after the formation lap. 6 cars raced, and the event was considered a farce. Many commentators questioned whether a United States Grand Prix will be held in Indianapolis again.

Winners of the United States Grands Prix

Events which were not part of the Formula One World Championhip are indicated by a pink background.

Year Driver Constructor Location Report
2005 Michael Schumacher Ferrari Indianapolis Report
2004 Michael Schumacher Ferrari Indianapolis Report
2003 Michael Schumacher Ferrari Indianapolis Report
2002 Rubens Barrichello Ferrari Indianapolis Report
2001 Mika Häkkinen McLaren-Mercedes Indianapolis Report
2000 Michael Schumacher Ferrari Indianapolis Report
1991 Ayrton Senna McLaren-Honda Phoenix Report
1990 Ayrton Senna McLaren-Honda Phoenix Report
1989 Alain Prost McLaren-Honda Phoenix Report
1984 Keke Rosberg Williams-Honda Fair Park Report
1980 Alan Jones Williams-Ford Watkins Glen Report
1979 Gilles Villeneuve Ferrari Watkins Glen Report
1978 Carlos Reutemann Ferrari Watkins Glen Report
1977 James Hunt McLaren-Ford Watkins Glen Report
1976 James Hunt McLaren-Ford Watkins Glen Report
1975 Niki Lauda Ferrari Watkins Glen Report
1974 Carlos Reutemann Brabham-Ford Watkins Glen Report
1973 Ronnie Peterson Lotus-Ford Watkins Glen Report
1972 Jackie Stewart Tyrrell-Ford Watkins Glen Report
1971 François Cévert Tyrrell-Ford Watkins Glen Report
1970 Emerson Fittipaldi Lotus-Ford Watkins Glen Report
1969 Jochen Rindt Lotus-Ford Watkins Glen Report
1968 Jackie Stewart Matra-Ford Watkins Glen Report
1967 Jim Clark Lotus-Ford Watkins Glen Report
1966 Jim Clark Lotus-British Racing Motors Watkins Glen Report
1965 Graham Hill British Racing Motors Watkins Glen Report
1964 Graham Hill British Racing Motors Watkins Glen Report
1963 Graham Hill British Racing Motors Watkins Glen Report
1962 Jim Clark Lotus-Climax Watkins Glen Report
1961 Innes Ireland Lotus-Climax Watkins Glen Report
1960 Stirling Moss Lotus-Climax Riverside Report
1959 Bruce McLaren Cooper-Climax Sebring Report
1958 Chuck Daigh Scarab-Chevrolet Riverside Report
1916 Howdy Wilcox and John Aitken Peugeot Santa Monica Report
1915 Dario Resta Peugeot San Francisco Report
1914 Eddie Pullen Mercer Santa Monica Report
1912 Caleb Bragg Fiat Milwaukee Report
1911 David Bruce-Brown Fiat Savannah Report
1910 David Bruce-Brown Benz Savannah Report
1908 Louis Wagner Fiat Savannah Report

See also

External links


Races in the Formula One championship:
2005 championship Grand Prix events:

Australian | Malaysian | Bahrain | San Marino | Spanish | Monaco | European | Canadian | U.S.
French | British | German | Hungarian | Turkish | Italian | Belgian | Brazilian | Japanese | Chinese

Past championship Grand Prix events:

Argentine | Austrian | Czechoslovakian | Dutch | Indy 500 | Las Vegas | Luxembourg | Mexican | Morocco
Pacific | Pescara | Portuguese | South African | Swedish | Swiss | USA East | USA West

de:Großer Preis der USA

es:Gran Premio de los Estados Unidos sv:USA:s Grand Prix

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