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United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit

From Academic Kids

The United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit is a federal court with appellate jurisdiction over the following United States District Courts:

The Second Circuit hears argument at the Thurgood Marshall U.S. Courthouse in New York, New York, located in lower Manhattan.

Famed judge Learned Hand served on the Second Circuit from 1924 to 1951, as did his cousin, Augustus Noble Hand, from 1927 until 1953.

Contents

Current composition of the court

As of 2005, the judges on the court are:

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List of former judges

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(a) Wallace was appointed to the bench of the United States Circuit Court for the Second Circuit in 1882 by Chester A. Arthur. The Judiciary Act of 1891 reassigned his seat to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit.
(b) Lacombe was appointed to the bench of the United States Circuit Court for the Second Circuit in 1887 by Grover Cleveland. The Judiciary Act of 1891 reassigned his seat to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit.
(c) Recess appointment, confirmed by the Senate at a later date.
(d) Knapp did not have a permanent seat on this court. Instead, he was appointed to the ill-fated United States Commerce Court in 1910 by William Howard Taft. Aside from their duties on the Commerce Court, the judges of the Commerce Court also acted as at-large appellate judges, able to be assigned by the Chief Justice of the United States to whichever circuit most needed help. Knapp was assigned to the Second Circuit upon his commission.
(e) Mack did not have a permanent seat on this court. Instead, he was appointed to the ill-fated United States Commerce Court in 1911 by William Howard Taft. Aside from their duties on the Commerce Court, the judges of the Commerce Court also acted as at-large appellate judges, able to be assigned by the Chief Justice of the United States to whichever circuit most needed help. Mack was assigned to the Sixth Circuit immediately prior to his assignment to the Second Circuit.

Chief judges

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In order to qualify for the office of Chief Judge, a judge must have been in active service on the court for at least one year, be under the age of 65, and have not previously served as Chief Judge. A vacancy in the office of Chief Judge is filled by the judge highest in seniority among the group of qualified judges. The Chief Judge serves for a term of seven years or until age 70, whichever occurs first. The age restrictions are waived if no members of the court would otherwise be qualified for the position. Unlike the Chief Justice of the United States, a Chief Judge returns to active service after the expiration of his or her term and does not create a vacancy on the bench by the fact of his or her promotion. See 28 U.S.C. § 45 (http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/getdoc.cgi?dbname=browse_usc&docid=Cite:+28USC45).

Succession of seats

The court has thirteen seats for active judges, numbered in order of their creation. If seats were established simultaneously, they are numbered in the order in which they were filled. Judges who retire into senior status remain on the bench but leave their seat vacant. That seat is filled by the next circuit judge appointed by the President.

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See also

References

  • Template:Web reference
    • source for the duty stations
  • Template:Web reference
    • source for the state, lifetime, term of active judgeship, term of chief judgeship, term of senior judgeship, appointer, termination reason, and seat information

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