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United Kingdom general election, 1987

From Academic Kids

1983 election
1987 election
1992 election

The UK general election, 1987 was held on June 11, 1987 and was the third victory in a row for Margaret Thatcher and the Conservatives. She was the first leader since Robert Jenkinson, 2nd Earl of Liverpool to win three successive elections.

The Conservative government had survived the industrial disputes with mine workers (198485) and print unions (1985–86), the 1986 Westland problems had been put aside with the loss of Michael Heseltine and Leon Brittan and the economy was performing well. Labour was in the throes of modernization and a return to more centrist policies under Neil Kinnock but expected to do better than in 1983. The SDP and the Liberals renewed their Alliance and continued to split the non-Conservative vote; neither Alliance leader (David Owen and David Steel) could agree to support either one of the major parties in the event of a hung parliament.

The Conservatives' advertising campaign by Tim Bell was dominated by anti-Labour sentiment, attacking mainly on taxation but also with rapid-response campaigns to pick up on Labour errors. The Labour campaign was a marked change from previous efforts; professionally directed by Peter Mandelson and Bryan Gould, it concentrated on presenting and improving Kinnock's image to the electorate.

The Conservatives were returned with a 102-seat majority, 42 down on 1983 with a swing of about 1% toward Labour. There were increasingly marked divisions across the country, as the Conservatives dominated southern England but performed poorly in northern England, Scotland, and Wales.

Almost all the 'big names' held onto their seats. Of the more notable failures there were Enoch Powell and two Alliance members - Liberal Clement Freud and former SDP leader Roy Jenkins.

In Northern Ireland the various Unionist parties maintained an electoral pact (with a couple of dissentients) in opposition to the Anglo-Irish Agreement.

Turnout: 32,530,204 (75.3%)

Party Votes Seats Loss/Gain Share of Vote (%)
Conservative 13,760,935 376 - 21 42.2
Labour 10,029,270 229 + 20 30.8
Alliance 7,341,651 22 (17 and 5) + 2 22.6
SNP 416,473 3 + 1 1.3
Ulster Unionist 276,230 9 - 2 0.8
SDLP 154,067 3 + 2 0.5
Plaid Cymru 123,599 3 + 1 0.4
Green 89,753 0 0.3
Democratic Unionist 85,642 3 0.3
Sinn Féin 83,389 1 0.3
Alliance (NI) 72,671 0 0.2
Workers 19,294 0 0.1
Popular Unionist 18,420 1 0.1
Real Unionist 14,467 0 0.1
Communist 6,078 0 0.0
Protestant Unionist 5,671 0 0.0
Red Front 3,177 0 0.0
Orkney & Shetland Movement 3,095 0 0.0
Moderate Labour 2,269 0 0.0
Loony 1,951 0 0.0
WRP 1,721 0 0.0

All parties gaining over 1,000 votes listed.

See also MPs elected in the UK general election, 1987. Template:British electionssv:Valet i Storbritannien 1987

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