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U.S. Open (tennis)

From Academic Kids

Grand Slams

The U.S. Open is the fourth and final event of the Grand Slam in tennis. It is held annually in August/September and the main tournament consists of five championships: men's and women's singles, men's and women's doubles and mixed doubles, with additional tournaments for junior and senior players. Since 1978, the tournament has been held at the USTA National Tennis Center at Flushing Meadows in Queens, New York.

The U.S. Open grew from an exclusive entertainment event for the high society to a $16 million prize money championship (~$1 million for winner of the singles tournament) for over 600 male and female professional players.

Contents

History

The U.S. Open originates from two separate tournaments: the men's tournament and the women's tournament. The event was first held in August 1881 and staged at the Newport Casino, Newport, Rhode Island (men's singles only). The championships were known as the U.S. National Singles Championship for men. Only clubs that were members of the United States National Lawn Tennis Association were permitted to enter.

In 1900, U.S. National Men's Doubles Championship was held for the first time. Tournaments were held in the east and the west of the country in order to determine the best two teams (sectional winners). These would then compete in a play-off - the winner would play the defending champions in the challenge round.

Six years after the men's nationals were held, the first official U.S. Women's National Singles Championship was held at the Philadelphia Cricket Club in 1887, followed by the U.S. Women's National Doubles Championship in 1889. The first Mixed Doubles Championship was held alongside the Women's Singles and Doubles.

The Open Era began in 1968 when all five events were merged into the newly named U.S. Open at the West Side Tennis Club in Forest Hills, Queens, New York. Notably, the 1968 combined tournament was opened to professionals; neither predecessor tournament allowed professionals to compete. That year 96 men and 63 women entered the event with prize money amounting to $100,000. In 1978, the event moved from Forest Hills to its current home at Flushing Meadows.

The main court is located at the 23,000-seat Arthur Ashe Stadium, named after Arthur Ashe, the great African American tennis player who won the inaugural U.S. Open in 1968. The surfaces of all its courts are hard, so the U.S. Open always provides tennis at a very high speed.

Trivia

Men's record holders for most wins since 1925:

Ladies' record holders for most wins since 1887:


Champions

See also

External links

es:Abierto de los Estados Unidos fr:US Open de tennis it:US Open (tennis) ja:全米オープン (テニス) nl:US Open no:US Open (tennis) pl:US Open pt:US Open de tnis ru:Открытый чемпионат США (теннис) sv:US Open i tennis

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