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Twenty-ninth dynasty of Egypt

From Academic Kids

Dynasties of Pharaohs
in Ancient Egypt
Protodynastic Period
Early Dynastic Period
1st 2nd
Old Kingdom
3rd 4th 5th 6th
First Intermediate Period
7th 8th 9th 10th
11th (Thebes only)
Middle Kingdom
11th (All Egypt)
12th 13th 14th
Second Intermediate Period
15th 16th 17th
New Kingdom
18th 19th 20th
Third Intermediate Period
21st 22nd 23rd 24th 25th
Late Period
26th 27th 28th
29th 30th 31st
Graeco-Roman Period
Ptolemaic Roman Empire
Name Dates
Nefaarud I 398 - 393 BC
Psammuthes 393 BC
Hakor (Achoris) 393 - 380 BC
Nefaarud II 380 BC

Nefaarud I, or Nepherites, founded the Twenty-ninth dynasty of Egypt (according to an account preserved in a papyrus in the Brooklyn Museum) by defeating Amyrtaeus in open battle, and later putting him to death at Memphis. Nefaarud made his capital at Mendes.

On his death, two rival factions fought for the throne: one behind his son Muthis, and the other supporting a usurper Psammuthes; although Psammuthes was successful, he only managed to reign for a year.

Psammuthes was overthrown by Hakor, who claimed to be the grandson of Nefaarud I. He successfully resisted Persian attempts to reconquer Egypt, drawing support from Athens (until the Peace of Antalcidas in 386 BC), and from the rebel king of Cyprus, Evagoras. Although his son Nefaarud II became king on his death, the younger Nefaarud was unable to keep hold on his inheritance.

References

  • Clarysse, Willy. 1994. "Nephorites, Founder of the 29th Dynasty and His Name." Chronique d’Égypte: Bulletin périodique de la Fondation égyptologique reine Élisabeth 69:215–217.
  • Lloyd, Alan Brian. 2000. "The Late Period (664–332 BC)". In The Oxford History of Ancient Egypt, edited by Ian Shaw. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press. 369–394
  • Myśliwiec, Karol. 2000. The Twighlight of Ancient Egypt: First Millennium B.C.E. Translated by David Lorton. Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press.
  • Ray, John D. 1986. "Psammuthis and Hakoris." Journal of Egyptian Archæology 72:149–158.
  • Traunecker, Claude. 1979. "Essai sur l’histoire de la XXIXe dynastie." Bulletin de l’Institut français d’archéologie orientale 79:395–436. PDF (http://www.ifao.egnet.net/doc/PubEnLigne/BIFAO/b.php?f=Bifao079_art_24.pdf)


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