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Twentieth dynasty of Egypt

From Academic Kids

Dynasties of Pharaohs
in Ancient Egypt
Protodynastic Period
Early Dynastic Period
1st 2nd
Old Kingdom
3rd 4th 5th 6th
First Intermediate Period
7th 8th 9th 10th
11th (Thebes only)
Middle Kingdom
11th (All Egypt)
12th 13th 14th
Second Intermediate Period
15th 16th 17th
New Kingdom
18th 19th 20th
Third Intermediate Period
21st 22nd 23rd 24th 25th
Late Period
26th 27th 28th
29th 30th 31st
Graeco-Roman Period
Ptolemaic Roman Empire

History of Ancient Egypt, Twentieth Dynasty

Name Dates
Setnakhte 1188-1186
Rameses III 1186-1154
Rameses IV 1154-1148
Rameses V 1148-1144
Rameses VI 1144-1136
Rameses VII 1136-1129
Rameses VIII 1129
Rameses IX 1129-1111
Rameses X 1111-1101
Rameses XI 1101-1073

The Twentieth Dynasty was founded by Setnakhte, but its only important member was Rameses III, who modelled his career after Rameses II the Great.

This dynasty is also notable for the beginning of systematic robbing of the Royal Tombs. Many surviving documents from this period are records of investigations and punishment for these crimes, especially in the reigns of Rameses IX and Rameses XI.

Like the Nineteenth Dynasty, this dynasty struggled under the effects of the bickering between the heirs of Rameses III, whom Diodorus Siculus described as "confirmed sluggards devoted only to indulgence and luxury," without "any deed worthy of historical note." However, at this time Egypt was increasingly beset by a series of droughts, below-normal flooding levels of the Nile, famine, civil unrest and official corruption -- all of which would limit the abilities of any king. The power of the last king, Rameses XI, grew so weak that in the south the High Priests of Amun became the effective rulers of Upper Egypt, while Smendes I gained power over Lower Egypt and founded the Twenty-first dynasty at Tanis.

This dynasty is considered the last one of the New Kingdom of Egypt, and is followed by the Third Intermediate Period.

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