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Tupolev Tu-124

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Tu-124, among the earliest known regional jets
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Tu-124, among the earliest known regional jets

The Tupolev Tu-124 (NATO codename: Cookpot) is a Russian short range twinjet airliner capable of carrying 56 passengers. Developed from the medium-range Tupolev Tu-104, the Tu-124 was meant to meet Aeroflot's requirement for a regional airliner to supersede the Ilyushin Il-14. It was very similar to the Tu-104 (merely a scaled-down version). The two were hard to tell apart when seen at a distance.

Contents

Design features

It was not a complete copy of the Tu-104, however. The Tu-124 included a number of refinements, including double-slotted flaps, a large centre-section airbrake, automatic lift dumpers, and the extension of the wings' trailing edge roots. It also included a parachute to be used in the event of an emergency landing and low pressure tires in the event of a rough landing surface. It also boosted fuel efficiency, being the first short-range aircraft fitted with turbofans.

Variants

Tu-124/Tu-124V

The first production variant. The international demand for it was small, because most foreign airlines were waiting to buy the improved Tupolev Tu-134.

Tu-124K/Tu-124K2

These were the VIP configuration. They were operated by the militaries of Iraq and China, and by the Indian Air Force.

Other variants

A number of military variants exist, including the Tu-124Sh-1 and Tu-124Sh-2. They are used as navigator trainers.

Specifications (Tu-124V)

General characteristics

  • Crew: 3
  • Capacity: 56
  • Length: 30.58 m (100 ft 4 in)
  • Wingspan: 25.55 m (83 ft 10 in)
  • Height: 8.08 m (26 ft 6 in)
  • Wing area: 119 m² (1,280 ft²)
  • Empty: 22,500 kg (49,500 lb)
  • Loaded: 30,000 kg (67,000 lb)
  • Maximum takeoff: 38,000 kg (84,000 lb)
  • Powerplant:Solniev D-20P turbofans; 106 kN (23,800 lbf) thrust

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 907 km/h (490 knots)
  • Range: 2,100 km (1,100 nmiles)
  • Service ceiling: 11,600 m (38,100 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 1,000 m/min (3,300 ft/min)
  • Wing loading: 250 kg/m² (52 lb/ft²)
  • Thrust/weight ratio: 7.1 N/kg (0.71 lbf/lb)

Related content

Related development: Tu-16 - Tu-104 - Tu-107 - Tu-110

Comparable aircraft: BAC One-Eleven - Sud Aviation Caravelle

Designation sequence: Tu-119 - Tu-121 - Tu-123 - Tu-124 - Tu-125 - Tu-126 - Tu-128

Related lists: List of airliners


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Lists of Aircraft | Aircraft manufacturers | Aircraft engines | Aircraft engine manufacturers

Airports | Airlines | Air forces | Aircraft weapons | Missiles | Timeline of aviation

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