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Tullahoma, Tennessee

From Academic Kids

Tullahoma is a city located in Coffee County, Tennessee, in the south-central part of the state. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 17,994. It is recognized as one of the country's micropolitan areas, smaller towns which nevertheless function as significant economic hubs.

Contents

History

Tullahoma was founded in 1852 as a work camp along the new Nashville and Chattanooga Railroad. Its name is taken from a local Native American language, probably Choctaw, but its exact meaning is uncertain. Consequently, it is one of the few towns in the world which shares its name with no other place.

Tullahoma became highly significant during the Civil War, and served as the headquarters for the Confederate Army of Tennessee in 1863. The campaign of that year, which ultimately delivered control of Middle Tennessee to the Union and opened the door to Atlanta, is known as the Tullahoma Campaign. The town was then still little more than a rough outpost, with no paved streets. 1863 was a wet year, and the place became known to the bedraggled troops of both sides as a place of endless mud. One witty officer on General Hardee's staff is said to have written his own account of the origin of the name: "It is from two Greek words - 'Tulla' meaning mud, and 'Homa,' meaning more mud." The selection of Tullahoma as a headquarters by General Braxton Bragg has since been much criticized by military historians. Although the location was strategic with regard to the road and rail network, it had no strong natural defenses and eventually the town was evacuated without a battle.

After the war, Tullahoma recovered slowly, but began to prosper from its vital railroad link. Manufacturing grew up in the area, notably of shoes, clothing, and sporting goods. In 1924, the General Shoe Corporation was established there, which would eventually grow into Genesco, a diversified apparel firm which is Tennessee's oldest listed firm on the New York Stock Exchange.

In the early to mid-20th century, the area benefited from considerable federal investment and development, from the Tennessee Valley Authority to the establishment of Camp Forrest, an infantry training center and later POW camp, and Arnold Engineering Development Center (AEDC), where the Air Force and NASA did early wind tunnel testing. Later the state located two significant institutions of higher learning there, Motlow State Community College, and the University of Tennessee's Space Institute.

Today manufacturing is a smaller part of the Tullahoma economy, but the town's growth, while slow, has relied on a mixture of education, services, tourism, and retail. The presence of AEDC and the Space Institute, combined with a convenient proximity to the aerospace center of Huntsville, Alabama, has bred a small but thriving aeronautical industry as well.

Geography

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Location of Tullahoma, Tennessee

Tullahoma is located at 35°22'7" North, 86°12'48" West (35.368511, -86.213258)Template:GR. It sits on the edge of the Highland Rim, where the topography is somewhat flatter than in the surrounding area. The region was known as the Pine Barrens to the first settlers.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 57.8 km² (22.3 mi²). 57.6 km² (22.2 mi²) of it is land and 0.3 km² (0.1 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 0.45% water.

Demographics

As of the censusTemplate:GR of 2000, there are 17,994 people, 7,336 households, and 5,039 families residing in the city. The population density is 312.5/km² (809.6/mi²). There are 7,890 housing units at an average density of 137.0/km² (355.0/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 89.69% White, 6.76% African American, 0.28% Native American, 1.01% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.64% from other races, and 1.57% from two or more races. 1.71% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There are 7,336 households out of which 32.3% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.9% are married couples living together, 13.3% have a female householder with no husband present, and 31.3% are non-families. 27.3% of all households are made up of individuals and 11.8% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.42 and the average family size is 2.94.

In the city the population is spread out with 25.4% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 26.9% from 25 to 44, 23.0% from 45 to 64, and 16.1% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 38 years. For every 100 females there are 90.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 85.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city is $34,119, and the median income for a family is $39,797. Males have a median income of $33,662 versus $20,962 for females. The per capita income for the city is $20,002. 17.2% of the population and 14.2% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 25.0% of those under the age of 18 and 13.0% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.

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Capital:

Nashville

Regions:

East Tennessee | Middle Tennessee | West Tennessee | Blue Ridge Mountains | Ridge-and-valley Appalachians | Cumberland Plateau | Highland Rim | Nashville Basin

Major Metros:

Chattanooga | Clarksville | Johnson City | Knoxville | Memphis | Murfreesboro | Nashville

Smaller Cities:

Athens | Bristol | Brownsville | Cleveland | Columbia | Cookeville | Crossville | Dickson | Dyersburg | Greeneville | Harriman | Jackson | Kingsport | La Follette | Lawrenceburg | Lebanon | McMinnville | Morristown | Newport | Oak Ridge | Paris | Sevierville | Shelbyville | Tullahoma | Union City | Winchester

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