From Academic Kids
The Tudor dynasty or House of Tudor (Welsh Twdwr) is a series of five monarchs of Welsh origin who ruled England from 1485 until 1603. The three main monarchs (Henry VII, Henry VIII and Elizabeth I) each played an important part in turning England from a European backwater still immersed in the Middle Ages into a powerful Renaissance state that in the coming centuries would dominate most of the planet.
The Tudor dynasty began with the secret marriage between Owen Tudor and Catherine of Valois; gaining strength in the only Earl of Richmond to become King of England and ending when Elizabeth died childless. Her successor was James VI of Scotland, a descendant of Henry VII through his daughter Margaret Tudor. He became the first of the Stuart Kings of England.
The Tudor Period
The Tudor historical period usually refers to the period 1485 – 1558, especially in relation to the History of England. This coincides with the rule of the Tudor dynasty in England, with the exception of Elizabeth I. Occasionally the term is used more broadly to capture Elizabeth's reign as well, though in general 1558 – 1603 is treated separately as the Elizabethan era.
Monarchs of England
The five Tudor monarchs were:
- King Henry VII (1485-1509)
- his son, King Henry VIII (1509-1547)
- his son, King Edward VI (1547-1553)
- his elder half-sister, Queen Mary I (1553-1558)
- her younger half-sister, Queen Elizabeth I (1558-1603)
Henry VII's grand-niece, Lady Jane Grey also served as Queen for nine days before Mary I deposed her.