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Tu people

From Academic Kids

The Tu (土) people are an ethnic group. They form one of the 56 ethnic groups officially recognized by the People's Republic of China. Most of them live in Qinghai province, some of them in Gansu province.

They call themselves "Monguor" or "Tsagaan mongghol", which literally means White Mongols, and are closely related to the Mongols. However, they are classified as a separate minority in the Peoples' Republic of China, partly due to the fact that they have intermingled with the Tibetan and Turkic people.

Language

Tu (moŋɡuer)
Spoken in: China
Region: Qinghai, Gansu
Total speakers: 152,000
Ranking:
Genetic classification: Altaic

 Mongolian   Eastern

Official status
Official language of:
Regulated by:
Language codes
ISO 639-1
ISO 639-2
SILmjg
See also: LanguageList of languages

The Tu language is closely related to Mongolian. It is not a written language.

References

  • Slater, Keith W.: A grammar of Mangghuer: A Mongolic language of China's Qinghai-Gansu sprachbund. (London / New York, RoutledgeCurzon 2003).
  • Zhonsīt 照那斯图: Tǔzyǔ jiǎnzh 土族语简志 (Introduction to the Tu language; Běijīng 北京, Mnz chūbǎnsh 民族出版社 1981).

Weblinks

  • The Tu ethnic minority (http://www.china.org.cn/e-groups/shaoshu/shao-2-tu.htm) (Chinese government site in English)
  • Tu (http://www.ethnologue.org/show_language.asp?code=mjg) (Ethnologue.org)


Chinese ethnic groups (classification by PRC government)

Achang - Bai - Blang - Bonan - Buyei - Chosen - Dai - Daur - De'ang - Derung - Dong - Dongxiang - Ewenki - Gaoshan - Gelao - Gin - Han - Hani - Hezhen - Hui - Jingpo - Jino - Kazak - Kirgiz - Lahu - Lhoba - Li - Lisu - Man - Maonan - Miao - Monba - Mongol - Mulao - Naxi - Nu - Oroqen - Pumi - Qiang - Russ - Salar - She - Sui - Tajik - Tatar - Tu - Tujia - Uygur - Uzbek - Va - Xibe - Yao - Yi - Yugur - Zang - Zhuang

Template:Ethno-stub

es:Tu zh:土族

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