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Tricolour

From Academic Kids

A tricolour is a flag or banner having three colours, usually in approximately equal size (horizontally or vertically) and lacking additional symbols. One of the first tricolours is the Tricolore of France.

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Variety of triband

The tricolour is a specific type of triband. In a triband, the design is of three horizontal or three vertical stripes, often formed - from an heraldic point of view - by the placement of a horizontal or vertical stripe (a bar or a fess, respectively), over a background. The triband may thus have two stripes of the same colour split by a stripe of a second colour (examples of this include the flags of Canada and Spain.

In a tricolor, the two outer stripes are of different colours, hence the name ("tri-colour" = three colours). Tricolours can thus be seen as a subset of tribands.

List of tricolours and tribands

Below is a list with other tricolours organized by continent.

Africa

Other tribands from Africa

The Americas

Other tribands from the Americas

Asia

Other tribands from Asia

European

Other tribands from Europe

Tribands from Oceania

Former nations and former national flags

other (non-national) flags

Variations on the tricolour design

As can be seen in the list above, many tricolours and tribands have additional emblems in colours that are not necessarily those of the stripes. They are still, however, usually regarded by vexillologists as tricolours.

Some vexillologists go further still, and describe flags containing three fimbriated stripes as fimbriated tricolours. In this design, three broad stripes might be separated by two very thin stripes immediately above and below the central stripe. Flags of this type include the flags of Uzbekistan, Kenya, North Korea and Gambia.

Vexillologists also occasionally describe flags of which the main element is three stripes as being based on a tricolour or triband design. Flags such as the flag of the Bahamas and the flag of Palestine fall into this category.

See also

fr:Drapeau tricolore he:טריקולור it:tricolore nl:driekleur

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